Synonyms: Ziziphus glabra Roxb.
Family: Rhamnaceae - Buckthorn family
Growth Habit: Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Ban Boroi (Sylhet), Anigola (Dhaka), Bat Boroi (Dinajpur).
Tribal Name: Jiba (Marma).
English Name: Indian plum wild.
A large, straggling, thorny shrub. Leaves simple, elliptic-ovate, velvety beneath. Flower pale yellow in axillary cymes. Fruits drupes, pale green.
A new glycoside, zizyphoside along with betulic, oleanolic, alphitolic and 2a-hydroxyursolic acids have been isolated from this plant. Zizyphoside on hydrolysis yields altered aglycone, ebelin lactone (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
The ripe fruits are eaten directly with salt (Dinajpur).
The flowers with an equal quantity of the petioles of the betel leaf and half as much lime are given in 4 grain pills twice a day for menorrhagia.
In the forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sylhet, Dhaka, Mymensingh, Dinajpur.
Return from Ziziphus rugosa Lam. to Ethnobotany Plants profile.