Euchlaena mexicana Schrad.
Zea curagua Molina
Zea indentata Sturtev.
Zea indurata Sturtev.
Zea japonica Van Houtte
Zea mays var. japonica (Van Houtte) Alph. Wood
Zea mays cv. leucodon Alef.
Zea saccharata Sturtev.
Family: Poaceae - Grass family
Growth Habit: Graminoid
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Bhootta
Tribal Name: Metit (Khumi), Makkya (Chakma), Badungni makka (Tripura), Ya moy kaPlenbong (Murong), Wal mum (Bawm), Mokka (Tanchangya)
English Name: Indian Corn, Maize
A tall annual grass with large linear-oblong leaves. Female inflorescence (cobs) appear in the axils of the lower leaves, tightly enveloped by large membranous bracts. Male inflorescence in terminal panicled, spike-like racemes with 2-nate spikelets. Grain large, subglobose, surrounded by the dried up glumes.
Maize karnel contains carbohydrates 66.2%, protein 11.1%, fat 3.6%, minerals 1.5% and fibres 2.7%. Karnel also contains vitamins - thiamine, riboflavin, niacin. It also contains p-carotene, pantothenic acid, folic acid, choline, pyridoxine, biotin and vitamin E and little vitamin C (Anon, 1976).
Seed also contains three new substituted cinnamoyl hydroxycitric acids, sixty one volatile compounds, a highly odorous compound - geosmin and cyanidin-ß-glucoside. Oil contains ß-sitosterol. 2-(2-hydroxy-7-methoxy-1.4-benzoxazin-3-one)-ß-D-glucoside has been isolated from roots (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Zea mays L.
Cultivated more or less throughout the country.
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