Epidendrum tessellatum Roxb.
Vanda roxburghii R. Br.
Family: Orchidaceae - Orchid family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Rasna, Nai, Rasna
Tribal Name: Deli (Khumi)
English Name: Common Orchid
An epiphytic perennial, stout, scandent by the stout, simple or branching aerial roots. Leaves succulent, long, linear,. Flowers in 6-10 flowered racemes. Sepals yellow, tessellated with brown lines and with white margins. Petals yellow with brown lines and white margins, shorter than the sepals. Lip bluish, dotted with purple. Capsules narrowly clavate-oblong with acute ribs.
The plant contains an alkaloid, a glucoside, tannins, ß-sitosterol, ?-sitosterol and a long chain aliphatic compound, fatty oils, resins and colouring matters. Roots contain tetracosyl ferrulate and ß-sitosterol-D-glucoside (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Vanda tessellata (Roxb.) Hook. ex G. Don.
Paste prepared from root is applied to the affected area for the treatment of rheumatism (Khumi).
Externally the root is used in rheumatism and allied disorders and diseases of the nervous system. It is also remedy for secondary syphilis and scorpion-sting. Juice of the leaves is given in otitis and the paste as febrifuge.
In almost all districts.
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