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Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth

Group: Monocot
Family: Liliaceae - Lily family
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit: Herb

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Gorasum, Ban Piaj, Jangil Piaj.

Tribal Name: Owameya (Khumi).

English Name: Indian Squill, True Squill, Sea Onion.

Description of the Plant:

A bulbous herb; with truncate bulbs, ovoid. Leaves radical, appearing after the flowers, linear, acute. Scape erect. Flowers small, dingy brown, very distant, on slender, laxly flowered racemes. Capsules ellipsoid, tapering to both ends.

Chemical Constituents:

Bulb, which constitutes the drug, contains cardiac glycosides. It also contains various flavonoids including quercetin derivatives and kaempferol polyglycosides, sinistrin, mucilage and calcium oxalate (Ghani, 2003). Fresh squill yields at least two glycosides, scillaren-A and scillaren-B (Chopra et al., 1992).

Mode of Uses:

Extract prepared from bulb is applied to the burning area for cooling and cured (Khumi).

Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth

Urginea indica (Roxb.) Kunth

Bulb is used as a powerful expectorant in the treatment of cough, especially in chronic bronchitis and asthma. The extract of bulb also shows hypoglycaemic and anticancer activity.

Distribution:

Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Cox's Bazar.

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