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Trichosanthes dioica Roxb.

Group: Dicot
Family: Cucurbitaceae - Cucumber family
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit: Climber

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Potol, Phodol (Noakhali)

Tribal Name: Koithach (Khumi).

English Name: Pointed Gourd.

Description of the Plant:

A rather extensive climber; tendrils 2-4 fid. Leaves ovate-oblong, cordate, acute, rough on both surfaces. Flowers dioceous; male not racemed, woolly out side. Fruit oblong or nearly spherical acute, smooth, orange red when ripe.

Chemical Constituents:

Roots contain an amorphous saponin, hentriacontane, a phytosterol, a non-nitrogenous bitter principle, glucosidic in nature and resembling colocynth, small amount of essential oil, little fixed oil and traces of tannins (Ghani, 2003).

Trichosanthes dioica Roxb.

Trichosanthes dioica Roxb.

Mode of Uses:

Decoction of the leaves and coriander in equal parts is given in bilious fever as a febrifuge and laxative. Fruits are given in stomach pain.

Fruits are cooked as vegetable and fried also (Khumi).

Distribution:

Cultivated, mostly in the north-western districts.

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