Home >> Ethnobotany Plants Part-T >> Trichosanthes cucumerina L.

Trichosanthes cucumerina L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Cucurbitaceae - Cucumber family
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit: Climber

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Banchichinga, Banpatol.

Tribal Name: Horin kan shak (Chakma), paranga (Tanchangya), yangisha (Marma), Koitha (Khumi).

English Name: Snake Gourd.

Description of the Plant:

A climber. Stems slender, puberulous. Tendrils 2-3 fid. Flowers white. Fruits often twisted, often with 7-8 white stripes along the length. Seeds oblong.

Chemical Constituents:

Plant contains conjugated trienes. Flowers and seeds contain high amount of free amino acids like glutamic and aspartic acids, arginine, asperagine, lysine and alanine. Palmitic acid has been found to be the major volatile organic acid for the fruit pericarp. Seed-fat contains both saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. A ribosome-inactivating and abortifacient protein, ß -trichosanthin and two glycoproteins with activity against lung cancer cells have been isolated from the tubers of the plant (Ghani, 2003).

Trichosanthes cucumerina L.

Trichosanthes cucumerina L.

Mode of Uses:

  • A root extract is taken against insect bites and a paste of the leaves is applied to boils (Chakma).
  • Ash prepared from burnt seeds is applied to affected areas for the treatment of bruising on the leg (Marma).
  • Green fruits are cooked as vegetable. In addition seeds are fried and taken (Khumi).
  • The root juice is cathertic; cures bronchitis; decoction is taken to expel worms.

Distribution:

Cultivated throughout the country.

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