Family: Cucurbitaceae - Cucumber family
Growth Habit: Climber
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Banchichinga, Banpatol.
Tribal Name: Horin kan shak (Chakma), paranga (Tanchangya), yangisha (Marma), Koitha (Khumi).
English Name: Snake Gourd.
A climber. Stems slender, puberulous. Tendrils 2-3 fid. Flowers white. Fruits often twisted, often with 7-8 white stripes along the length. Seeds oblong.
Plant contains conjugated trienes. Flowers and seeds contain high amount of free amino acids like glutamic and aspartic acids, arginine, asperagine, lysine and alanine. Palmitic acid has been found to be the major volatile organic acid for the fruit pericarp. Seed-fat contains both saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. A ribosome-inactivating and abortifacient protein, ß -trichosanthin and two glycoproteins with activity against lung cancer cells have been isolated from the tubers of the plant (Ghani, 2003).
Trichosanthes cucumerina L.
Cultivated throughout the country.
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