Cocculus cordifolius (Willd.) DC.
Menispermum cordifolium Willd.
Growth Habit: Climber
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Gulancha, Gurach, Gadancha.
Tribal Name: Joungla (Bawm), Fa Bro Noi (Marma), Kha Bru Nay (Marma), Gurach-ludhi (Chakma), Paidda gandi (Garo), Sam rupu (Garo).
A large climber with succulent stems, throwing aerial roots. Stems and branches specked with white glands. Leaves ovate or roundish. Flowers minute, male and female separate. Fruits size of a pea, red.
Stems contain the quaternary alkaloids, choline, protoberberine and also probably berberine and the glycosides, giloin and giloinin, a non-glycosidic compound gilenin, sterols, sitosterol and furanoid bitter principles such as columbin, chasmanthin and palmarin. They also contain tinosporine, clerodane diterpenoids, clerodane furanoid diterpenes and a diterpenoid furanolactone, tinosporide. Two new phenylpropene disaccharides, cordiofolisides A and B, possessing immuno-stimulant activity and a new daucane-type sesquiterpene glucoside, tinocordifolioside, have been isolated from the stems.
Leaves contain, tinosporine, (alkaloid), tinosporic acid, tinosporol, tinospride, cordifolide, giloin, gilonin and gilo-sterol, berberine (Ghani, 2003), cordifol, heptacosanol and octacosanol (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). A diterpenoid of columbin type - tinosporin has also been isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Tinospora cordifolia (willd.) Hook. f. & Thomson
Extract prepared from root is taken and in addition applied externally for the treatment of tumor and appendicitis (Bawm).
Barisal, Comilla, Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts,Dhaka, Dinajpur and other places of the country.
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