Cascabela thevetia (L.) Lippoid
Cerbera thevetia L.
Thevetia neriifolia Juss. ex Steud.
Family: Apocynaceae - Dogbane family
Growth Habit: Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kalkephul, Halde Korobi, Kanai, Kokilphul.
Tribal Name: Sakho-kazzeye (Khumi).
English Name: Lucky nut tree, Yellow oleander.
A large, evergreen shrub or small tree. Leaves linear, narrowed at both ends, spirally arranged. Flowers in few-flowered terminal cymes; corolla yellow, fragrant, funnel-shaped. Fruit broadly obovate in longitudinal section, mesocarp bony.
Plant contains milky latex and a number of cardioactive glycosides. Seed kernel contains a phytosterolin and the glucosides, ahouain, kokilphin, thevetin, neriifolin, acetylneriifolin, thevefolin, theveneriin, cerebrin, peruvoside and ruvoside and a fatty oil constituting more than 62% of the kernel. Apigenin-5-methyl ether has been isolated from seed shells. Seed also contains theveside, viridoside, perusitin and thevefolin.
A number of flavonol glycosides of kaempferol and quercetin have been isolated from the leaves. Leaves also contain polyhydroxy-dinormonoterpenoids and their apiosylglucosides. Epiperuviol acetate, hesperitin-7-glucoside, a-and ß-amyrin, kaempferol and quercetin have also been isolated from fruit pericarp and flowers (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) K. Schum.
Flower sap is taken by children. Embryo of seed with ripened banana is feed the pig to kill them (Khumi).
Cultivated throughout the country as an ornamental plant.
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