Synonyms: Phytolacca javanica Osbeck
Family: Combretaceae - Indian Almond family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Bangla Badam, Kath Badam, Deshi Badam.
Tribal Name: Badam gach (Chakma).
English Name: Country almond, Indian almond.
A medium to large deciduous tree. Leaves obovate, sometimes elliptic-obovate, chartaceous or papyraceous, spirally arranged and crowded at the ends of the branches, usually serious pubescent. Inflorescence of axillary spikes, male flowers on the upper part and a few bisexual flowers towards the base. Fruits a drupe, very variable in size. Flowering time: March-April; Fruiting time: May-August.
Gallic acid, allagic acid, corilagin and unidentified flavonoids have been isolated from leaves, fruits and bark. Oil from fruits resembled almond oil (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Fruits are taken against bronchitis.. Juice of young leaves is used to prepare an ointment for leprosy, scabies and other skin diseases; juice taken interanally is useful in colic and headache. Fruits are eaten (Chakma).
Planted all over country as avenue and shade tree.
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