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Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn.

Group: Dicot
Family: Combretaceae - Indian Almond family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Arjun.

Tribal Name: Tama (Rakhaing), Tama (Tripura).

English Name: Arjuna Myrobalan, Arjun.

Description of the Plant:

Trees. Barks smooth, grey, flaking off. Leaves alternate, simple with two glands at the base, elliptic. Flowers in axillary spikes. Fruits drupes, ovoid 2-5 winged, seeds stony, solitary. Frequent in Hilly area.

Chemical Constituents:

The bark constitutes an important crude drug, which contains tannins, triterpenoids saponins, esters, flavonoids, sterols, calcium salts, alkaloidal and glycosidal substances, arjunine and arjunglycoside, arjunin, a sapogenin, arjungenin; a flavone, arjunolone, a methylated flavone, arjunone, terpene acids, arjunolic, terminoic and tomentosic acids, a phenolic substance, ellagic acid, sitosterol, ß-sitosterol and oxalic acid. It also contains a lactone, essential oil, reducing sugars, arjunalic acid saponin and (+)-leucodelphinidin.

The cancer-cell growth inhibitory constituents, gallic acid, ethyl gallate and luteolin have also been found to occur in the bark. A triterpene diglucoside, terminolitin, has been isolated from the fruits (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehritra, 1993).

Using Information:

Paste prepared from bark is applied to affected areas for the treatment of red and swollen mouth, tongue and gums. Leaf and bark boil in water then take bathe by this water for three days for the treatment of Scabies and itching. (Rakhaing).

Leaf & bark boil in water then take bathe by this water for three days for the treatment of scabies and itching.The bark extract is given to drink for the cure of dysentery. (Tripura).

Distribution:

Planted all over Bangladesh.

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