Synonyms: Tagetes major Gaertn.
Family: Asteraceae - Aster family
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Genda, Gendaphul, Gandaphul.
Tribal Name: Popengpo (Khumi).
English Name: Aztec, African marigold.
An annual ornamental erect herb, strongly aromatic. Leaves pinnately divided, segments lanceolate-serrate, strongly aromatic. Flowers in terminal heads, colour ranges from a light sulphur-yellow to a deep orange.
Flowers contain essential oil, colouring matter, pigments, quercetagetin and phenolics, syringic acid, methyl-3,5-dihydroxy-4-methoxy benzoate and quercetin. Whole plant yields 0.01% essential oil, that contains d-limonene, ocimene, l-linalyl acetate, l-linalool, tagetone and nonanal. Mono and diesterified luteins have also been isolated from petals. Dried petals also contain quercetagitrin and a glucoside of quercetagetin. The plant also contains ethylgallate and three contact allergens, butenylbithiophene, a-terthienyl and hydroxytremetone (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
The spices are planted in between rows of paddy field in a distance of 1m. The plant is beaten and believed to be worked as insecticide (Khumi).
Infusion of the plant is used against rheumatism. Juice prepared from flowers is given as a remedy for bleeding piles. Root extract is used as laxative.
Planted in the gardens.
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