Family: Moraceae - Mulberry family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Shaora, Asshaora, Harbon, Hekra, Harba (Chittagong), Harbi, Shaora, Khirnasta.
Tribal Name: Sharbo gaas (Chakma), Sharbua gaas (Tanchangya), Ohin (Marma), Wainghini (Marma), Wohin (Rakhaing), Umgnai (Mogh), Wahnebang (Marma), Owah Nai Mraai (Marma), Saola bipang (Garo).
English Name: Siamese roughbush.
A small tree. Leaves ovate or obovate, serrate, obtuse to cuneate at base, acute at apex. Flowers white in axillary cymes. Drupes enclosed in fleshy, yellow perianth.
Bark contains cardioactive glycosides, strebloside and asperoside. It also contains a pregnane glycoside, sioraside (Ghani, 2003). Root bark contains kamaloside, asperoside, indroside, luknoside, along with amorphous glycosides G, G' and H. Cannodimethoside, strophalloside, glucogitodimethoside, strophanolloside, glucokamaloside, sarmethoside and glucostrebloside have also been isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
All over Bangladesh in fallow lands.
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