Home >> Ethnobotany Plants: Part-S >> Streblus asper Lour.

Streblus asper Lour.

Group: Dicot
Family: Moraceae - Mulberry family
Duration:Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Shaora, Asshaora, Harbon, Hekra, Harba (Chittagong), Harbi, Shaora, Khirnasta.

Tribal Name: Sharbo gaas (Chakma), Sharbua gaas (Tanchangya), Ohin (Marma), Wainghini (Marma), Wohin (Rakhaing), Umgnai (Mogh), Wahnebang (Marma), Owah Nai Mraai (Marma), Saola bipang (Garo).

English Name: Siamese roughbush.

Description of the Plant:

A small tree. Leaves ovate or obovate, serrate, obtuse to cuneate at base, acute at apex. Flowers white in axillary cymes. Drupes enclosed in fleshy, yellow perianth.

Chemical Constituents:

Bark contains cardioactive glycosides, strebloside and asperoside. It also contains a pregnane glycoside, sioraside (Ghani, 2003). Root bark contains kamaloside, asperoside, indroside, luknoside, along with amorphous glycosides G, G' and H. Cannodimethoside, strophalloside, glucogitodimethoside, strophanolloside, glucokamaloside, sarmethoside and glucostrebloside have also been isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Mode of Uses:

  • A leaf extract is taken with sugar for the treatment of dysuria and a bark extract is applied to ears for earache (Chakma).
  • A leaf extract is taken with sugar for leucorrhoea and pills prepared from the leaves are taken twice or thrice daily for irregular menstruation (Tanchangya).
  • A root extract is taken for the treatment of insomnia and an infusion of the leaves taken for hair greying (Marma).
  • Extract prepared from root is taken two tea spoonfuls twice-thrice daily until cured for the treatment of excessive menstruation (Menorrhaegia) (Rakhaing).
  • Extract prepared from root and mixed with cold water and this extract taken to treat thirsty (no satisfaction after drink water) by Marma.

Distribution:

All over Bangladesh in fallow lands.

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