Spilanthes paniculata Wall.
Spilanthes acmella Murr.
Family: Asteraceae - Aster family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Marhatitiga.
Tribal Name: Humdioai (Marma), Ozonshak (Chakma), Athangdi (Khumi), Mangcasa (Bawm), Hamfoi (Marma), Kun Dung (Murong), Jaba Achin sak (Tanchangya).
Herbs with sparsely, pubescent stems. Leaves ovate, obtuse to acute, margins entire to undullate-serrate. Heads long peduncled with yellowish bisexual flowers.
Aerial parts contain palmitic and stearic acids, tetra-triacontanoic acid, sitosterol, stigmasterol and sitosterol glucoside. Flower heads contain a local anaesthetic amide, spilanthol and three other amides, a sterol, a non-reducing polysaccharide (Ghani, 2003). Acetic, lauric, myristic, linoleic and linolenic acid esters of a- and ß-amyrin and myricyl alcohol have also been isolated from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
A leaf extract is taken for toothache and a paste of the roots is taken for the treatment of tuberculosis. Heat cloth in boiling plant vapor and applied allergenic area or mildly hotter plant mixed with kerosene oil and massage like balm for allergy(Marma).
Boiled leaf is taken as vegetable and salad. Flower is applied for the remedy of toothache (Khumi).
Whole plant boil in water and added dry fish and chili for making chutney (Chakma).
Crushed plant is used as fish poison. It is prescribed for few days to cure glossitis. Juice of the plant and flower head is rubbed in scabies (Bawm).
Throughout the country in moist lands.
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