Family: Asteraceae - Aster family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Ban Palang.
Tribal Name: Dandouppon (Tanchangya), Pema (Marma).
English Name: Sow Palang, Corn-sow Thistle.
Perennial herbs with long cylindric rootstock or rhizome. Stems tall, glabrous, and densely pilose. Leaves pinnatifid or runcinate-pinnatifid; leaflets lanceolate or narrowly oblanceolate. Heads cylindric, broadly campanulate or erect.
The herb contains bitter principles; flavonoids, quercetin, kaempferol; glycosides, cinaroside, hyperoside, linamarin and also apigenin and luteolin-7-O-glucoside. It also contains 5-10% oil and polymeric hydrocarbons, polyphenols and proteins (Ghani, 2003).
A leaf extract is taken and, in addition, a paste of the leaves is applied to the whole body for the treatment of hysteria (Tanchangya).
Roots are given in jaundice, cough, bronchitis, asthma and pertussis. Leaves are applied on swellings. The root extract is taken both by Marma and Tanchangya for the relief of stomach pain.
Dhaka, Rajshahi, Chittagong, in shady fallow lands.
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