Solanum surattense Burm. f.
Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad.
Family: Solanaceae - Potato family
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kantakini, Kantikari.
Tribal Name: Bhatbaigun (Murong).
English Name: Yellow-berried nightshade.
Diffuse undershrub. Leaves simple, pinnatifid, ovate-elliptic, obtuse at apex. Flowers bluish pink, in extra axillary corymbose cymes. Berries globose, yellow.
The plant contains sterols, alkaloids and glycosides. The plant also contains quercetin glycoside, apigenin, sitosterol and carpesterol. Fruits contain steroidal glycoalkaloids, solasonine, solamargine, solasurine, solanocarpine, solanine-S and alkaloidal bases, solanidine-S and solasodine. Seeds contain solanocarpine. (Ghani, 2003). Dry fruits contain traces of isochlorogenic, neochlorogenic, chlorogenic and, caffeic acid. Quercetin-3-O-ß-D-glucopyranosyl-(1- 4)-mannopyranoside, apigenin and sitosterol have also been isolated from dry fruits (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Solanum virginianum L.
Fruits are cooked as a vegetable (Murong).
Roots are employed in cough, asthma, chest pain and catarrhal fever. Fruit juice is useful in sore throat and rheumatism. Paste of the leaves is applied on painful joints to relieve pains. Seeds are given as an expectorant in asthma and cough. Decoction of the plant is useful in gonorrhoea.
Chuadanga, Khulna, Kustia, Nawabganj, Rajshahi, in fallow lands.
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