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Solanum violaceum Ortega

Group: Dicot
Family: Solanaceae - Potato family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Phutki, Tit Begun, Brihati Begun, Baikur.

Tribal Name: Pokhongkhesi, Titgula (Marma), Engfy-cha (Khumi), Tida begul bichi (Chakma), Ved bhayun (Tanchangya), Titbahal (Garo).

English Name: Poison Berry, Indian Night Shade.

Description of the Plant:

An armed shrub, covered with a fine grey, stellateindementum. Prickles variable in quantity. Leaves very variable in shape, ovate, sinutely lobed. Inflorescence leaf opposed with blue-purple flower. Berries globose, orange.

Chemical Constituents:

Fruits contain 1.8% steroidal alkaloids. Leaves and roots also contain the steroidal alkaloids, solanine, solanidine and solasodine (Ghani, 2003).

Solanum violaceum Ortega

Solanum violaceum Ortega

Mode of Uses:

  • Fruits are eaten as a vegetable (Marma).
  • Extract prepared from crushed roots mixed with water are taken as saline for treatment of diarrhea until cured (Khumi).
  • The fruits are pestle and then cooked with dry fishes (Chakma).
  • Leaf juice mixed with ginger juice is used to stop vomiting. Fruits are used for intestinal worms in Khagrachari. The plant juice is used against the sores between the toe fingers (Marma).
  • Seeds are mixed with tribal liquor to increase intoxication by the Garo tribe.


Throughout the country on forest edges, road sides and fallow lands.

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