Synonyms: Solanum rubrum auct. non L.
Family: Solanaceae - Potato family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Tit begun, Phuti begun, Gurki, Gurkamai, Kakmachi.
Tribal Name: Epychu (Khumi).
English Name: Black night Shade, Common night shade.
An annual herb; stem much divaricately branched. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, subacute or acuminate, entire or sinuate-toothed. Flowers small, white, in extra-axillary, subumbellate, 3-8 flowered cymes. Berry 6 mm diam., globose, purplish black when ripe.
Leaf is a rich source of riboflavin. It also contains nicotininic acid and vitamin C, ß-carotene, citric acid, protein, fat, steroidal glycol-alkaloids, solasonine and solamargine. Fruits contain saponins and the steroidal glycol-alkaloids, solanine, solamargine, solasonine, a - & ß -solanigrine and the aglycone, solasodine, steroidal genin, trigogenin. Seeds contain solanine, protein, greenish-yellow oil consisting of linoleic, oleic, palmitic and stearic acids and sitosterol (Ghani, 2003). Solasodine (0.02%) has beeen isolated from the roots of Nepalese plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Solanum nigrum L.
All over Bangladesh in fallow lands.
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