Home >> Ethnobotany Plants: Part-S >> Solanum melongena L.

Solanum melongena L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Solanaceae - Potato family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Begun, Baigoon, Baion (Chittagong).

Tribal Name: Meto (Khumi), Jhum-baigun (Tanchangya), Kajah seh (Marma).

English Name: Egg plant, Brinjal.

Description of the Plant:

A stout herb, armed or unarmed; young parts closely tomentose. Leaves large, elliptic, subentire, sinuate or shallowly lobed. Flowers solitary or several in a cyme with lowest only fertile. Fruit a berry, green, white, yellow or dark purple, varies greatly in size and shape, oval, ovate, oblong or linear.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves contain 4-ethylactechol, trans-caffeic, hydrocafeic, protocatechuic and chlorogenic acids. ?-Hydroxyglutamic acid, lanost-8-en-3ß-ol, lanosterol, 24-methylene lanost-8-en-3ß-ol, cycloartanol, cycloartenol, 24-methulenecycloartanol, lupeol, ß-amyrin, daturaolone and daturadiol have been isolated from seeds. It also contains 4a-methylsterols, vanillin, isoscopeletin, ethyl caffeate, trans-ferulic acid and p-aminobenzaldehyde, along with four phenolic amides-N-trans-feruloyltyramine, N-trans-p-coumaroyltyramine, N-trans-feruloyloctopamine & N-trans-p-coumaroyloctopamine (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). Fruits contain solasodin (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Solanum melongena L.

Solanum melongena L.

Mode of Uses:

  • The unripe fruit is laxative, analgesic; improves appetite and lessens inflammation (Tanchangya).
  • The seeds are used as a stimulant. Flower juice is used for fever in Chittagong Hill Tracts (Marma).
  • Fruits are cooked as vegetable (Khumi).


Cultivated widely throughout Bangladesh.

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