Family: Solanaceae - Potato family
Growth Habit: Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Begun, Baigoon, Baion (Chittagong).
Tribal Name: Meto (Khumi), Jhum-baigun (Tanchangya), Kajah seh (Marma).
English Name: Egg plant, Brinjal.
A stout herb, armed or unarmed; young parts closely tomentose. Leaves large, elliptic, subentire, sinuate or shallowly lobed. Flowers solitary or several in a cyme with lowest only fertile. Fruit a berry, green, white, yellow or dark purple, varies greatly in size and shape, oval, ovate, oblong or linear.
Leaves contain 4-ethylactechol, trans-caffeic, hydrocafeic, protocatechuic and chlorogenic acids. ?-Hydroxyglutamic acid, lanost-8-en-3ß-ol, lanosterol, 24-methylene lanost-8-en-3ß-ol, cycloartanol, cycloartenol, 24-methulenecycloartanol, lupeol, ß-amyrin, daturaolone and daturadiol have been isolated from seeds. It also contains 4a-methylsterols, vanillin, isoscopeletin, ethyl caffeate, trans-ferulic acid and p-aminobenzaldehyde, along with four phenolic amides-N-trans-feruloyltyramine, N-trans-p-coumaroyltyramine, N-trans-feruloyloctopamine & N-trans-p-coumaroyloctopamine (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). Fruits contain solasodin (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Solanum melongena L.
Cultivated widely throughout Bangladesh.
Return from Solanum melongena L. to Ethnobotany Plants profile.