Synonyms: Smilax macrophylla Roxb.
Family: Smilacaceae - Catbrier family
Growth Habit: Climber
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Bulkumia, Kumarialata, Barakumurialata, Kumarika, Mukajhuri.
Tribal Name: Kankokumaicha, Kumuzzaludi (Chakma), Aawing (Khumi), Krak Khrow (Marma).
English Name: Indian sarsaparilla.
A climbing shrub, branches sparsely prickled. Leaves simple, oblong, broadly elliptic or ovate-lanceate, obtuse-round at base, obtuse to shortly acuminate at apex. Flowers pale green, in umbels. Berries globose.
The plant contains 1-3% steroidal saponins, phytosterols, starch, resin, sarsapic acid and minerals. Leaves and roots contain diosgenin. Roots also contain large amounts of tannin, saponin, 31-norcycloartenol and ß-sitosterol, a heteroside, parillin, a complex phenolic acid and potassium nitrate. The saponin, on hydrolysis, yields the sapogenins, sarsasapogenin, asperagenin and another steroid sapogenin. The roots also contain coumarin, smilasperic acid, a volatile oil, a crystallisable principle hemidesmine and rutin (Ghani, 2003).
Smilax zeylanica L.
Hill forest of Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts.
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