Sesamum mulayanum N. C. Nair
Sesamum orientale L.
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Til, Kala Til.
Tribal Name: Katteyei (Khumi), Goisshya (Chakma), Gaishya (Tanchangya).
English Name: Sesame, Gingelly.
An erect annual pubescent herb. Leaves simple and of various shape from ovate to linear. Flowers purple or whitish with purple or yellow marks, drooping, pubescent. Capsule oblong, bluntly 4 gonous, erect dehiscent from above downwards.
Seeds are very rich in a fixed oil (up to 55%) consisting mainly of glycerides of oleic and linoleic acids and also palmitic, stearic and myristic acids. They also contain solid fats, stearin, palmitin and myrisin, a crystalline substance, sesamin; sesamolin, which breaks down to a phenolic substance, sesamol and sesamin. They also contain protein, vitamins A and E, folic acid and minerals. Leaves contain a gummy substance and mucilage (Ghani, 2003). A flavonoid glycoside - pedalin has been isolated from leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Sesamum indicum L.
Cultivated in many districts including Chittagong Hill Tracts.
Return from Sesamum indicum L. to Ethnobotany Plants profile.