Cassia sophera Linn.
Senna sophera var. sophera
Family: Fabaceae - Pea family
Growth Habit: Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kalkasunde, Chhoto Kalkesunde, Jhigni.
Tribal Name: Makahaban (Marma), Moitarabe (Tripura), Kojojjywa (Marma), Khethrang shag (Chakma).
English Name: Senna Sophera.
Shrubs. Leaves pinnately compound, leaflets in pairs. Flowers in axillary corymbose racemes, yellow. Fruits pods; seeds compressed black. Occasional in hilly area.
Leaves contain a flavanol-C-glycoside and sennosides. Root bark contains anthraquinones, chrysophanol and physcion and ß-sitosterol. Heartwood contains chrysophanol physicon, chrysophanic acid, emodin, sopheranin, quercetin and ß-sitosterol. Flowers contain anthraquinone and flavanol glycosides, including chrysophanol, rhamnetin glucoside and campesterol, sitosterol and fucosterol (Ghani, 2003).
Paste prepared fromroot along with black pepper is given to treat jaundice Paste prepared from leaf mixed with sugarcandy is taken one or two tea spoonful twice-thrice daily to treat dysuria (Pain during Micturition) (Marma).
Senna sophera (L.) Roxb.
Infusion of the leaves is useful in gonorrhoea and syphilitic sores. A decoction of the whole plant is useful in diminishing urine and as an expectorant it gives relief in cases of acute bronchitis. Leaves are cooked as vegetable(Chakma, Tripura, Marma, Bawm) .
Throughout the country in roadsides and fallow lands.
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