Synonyms: Cassia occidentalis L.
Family: Fabaceae - Pea family
Duration: Annual, Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kalkasunde, Eski, Essi, Tolikoroi.
Tribal Name: Khtrange shag (Chakma), Kojojjya (Marma), Haru(Tripura), Ka-ja baong (Marma), Rotha (Tipra), Dangor Dattlong (Chakma).
English Name: Western Senna, Negro Coffee.
An erect, branched herb; often shrubby. Leaves parpinnately compound, stipulate, stipules obliquely cordate, acuminate, leaflets 4-10 pairs. Inflorescence axillary or terminal corymbs, shortly pedunculate. Flowers yellow; Sepals unequal; Petals free, subequal, obovate-oblong, obtuse, sessile. Fruit a pod, ovate. Flowering and fruiting: May-October. Found in open waste plants and road sides.
Leaves, pods and seeds contain anthraquinones, anthraquinone glycosides, emodin and sennosides. Leaves also contain flavones, dianthronic heteroside. Roots and flowers contain phytosterol, dihydroxy-anthraquinones, physcion and its glucoside, emodin, chrysophanic acid, crysophanol, a3-sitosterol, cassiollin, phytosterolin and ß-sitosterol. Roots also contain emodol. Xanthone, casiolline, islandicin, helminthosporin, xanthorin and physcion-3-methyl-6-methoxy-1, 8-dihydroxy-anthraquinone are also present in this plant.
Seeds contain chrysarobin, tannic acid, mucilage, fatty oil, a toxalbumin, N-methylmorpholine, a phytosterolin, a water soluble polysaccharide (composed of D-galactose and D-mannose) and physcion-ß-D-glucopyranoside (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Cassia occidentalis L.
Decoction of the leaves is used for treating jaundice by. The leaves are cooked with dry fishes or small fishes to eat as vegetables(Chakma, Tripura) .
All over the country in roadsides and fallow lands.
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