Family: Scrophulariaceae - Figwort family
Duration: Annual, Perennial
Growth Habit: Subshrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Bandhoney, Misridana, Chinigura, Madhumisti, Bandhuni, Phurphuri.
Tribal Name: Bandhoney, Jhumbaong, Oyashipene (Marma), Kolsunak , Du-jhanga (Marma), Chambang, Midareissa (Chakma).
English Name: Sweet broomweed.
An erect herb. Leaves simple, elliptic, serrate, cuneate at base, acute at apex. Flowers white, axillary, solitary. Capsules globose-ovoid.
The plant contains an alkaloid, an anti-diabetic principle, amellin, diterpenoids, viz., scopadulcic acid A and B, scoparic acid A, B and C, a tetracyclic diterpenoid, scopadulciol, 6-methoxy benzoxazolinone, glutinol and acacetin. An aqueous fraction of the ethanolic extract of the plant has been shown by HPLC analysis to contain both noradrenaline (norepinephrine) and adrenaline (epinephrine) (Ghani, 2003). Hexacosanol, ß-sitosterol and D-manitol are present in root bark.
Ifflaionic acid togeher with 6-methoxybenzoxazolinone have been isolated from roots. Scutellarein, its 7-O-methyl ether and its 7-O-ß-D-glucuronide have been isolated from leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993). Root contains a triterpene and mannitol and aerial parts contain dulcitol (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Scoparia dulcis L.
The plant is given in menorrhagia along with Elephantopusscaber in the form of a pill. Pills prepared from the plant in combination with cardamom, black pepper, borax is prescriped in jaundice (Chakma).
Tie a piece of root with a thread round the neck as a necklace to protect from evil sprit. A paste of the whole plant is taken for abdominal pain (Marma).
Leaf extract is applied to nostril for the treatment of bleeding form nostril (epistaxis). Root extract is taken to treat regulates menstruation cycle (emenagogae) (Bawm).
Throughout the country in fallow lands.
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