Jonesia asoca Roxb.
Saraca indica non L. sensu Baker
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Asok, Asoka, Anganapriya.
Tribal Name: Moma gaas, Paillangmoma (Chakma), Pluck (Murong), Changlengturpaug (Bawm), Pingal (Chakma), Prajok (Marma), Paying (Mogh).
English Name: Ashoka.
A medium sized tree. Leaves with (1-)4-6 pairs of leaflets; leaflets subcoriaceous, oblong to lanceolate. Inflorescence corymbose. Flowers fragrant yellowish to red. Pods elliptic to oblong.
Bark contains haematoxylin, tannins, catechol, catechin, epicatechin, a crystalline galactoside, a ketosterol, a saponin, an organic calcium salt, an organic substance containing iron and a large number of minerals. It also contains a powerful oxytocic principle (Ghani, 2003). Flowers contain ß-sitosterol, quercetin, kaempferol-3-O-ß-D-glucoside, quercetin-3-O-D-glucoside and apigenin-7-O-ß-D-glucoside. Wax obtained from bark contains n-alkanes (C20-C35), esters (C34-C60) and primary alcohols (C20-C30); n-octacosanol (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Wild in Chittagong Hill Tracts; cultivated elsewhere in the country.
Return from Saraca asoca (Roxb.) De Wilde to Ethnobotany Plants profile.