Home >> Ethnobotany Plants: Part-S >> Saccharum officinarum L.

Saccharum officinarum L.

Group: Monocot
Family: Poaceae - Grass family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Graminoid

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Akh, Kushiar, Kuishyal, Gendari, Ikhkhu.

Tribal Name: Pichchi (Khumi), Khet Paw (Murong).

English Name: Sugarcane, Noble Cane.

Description of the Plant:

A tall, erect, perennial grass, with solid juicy stem, many nodded. Ligules very short, membranous, ciliate; blades linear-lanceolate. Panicles pyramidal, dense silvery.

Chemical Constituents:

Juice of stem is very rich in saccharine substances, particularly sucrose. It also contains mucilage, resin, fat, albumen, calcium oxalate and a white crystalline substance, guanine (Ghani, 2003). 5-O-Methylapigenin and 3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxy-3,6-dimethoxyflavone have been isolated from flowers and 5,7-O-dimethylapigenin-4'-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside have been isolated from leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Saccharum officinarum L.

Saccharum officinarum L.

Mode of Uses:

Stem is taken as juice and tonic, cooling. In addition the juice is taken in jaundice (Khumi). The juice along with raw turmeric is given in jaundice.


Cultivated in Ishwardi, Pabna, Rajshahi, Dinajpur, Jamalpur and sporadically in almost all over the country.

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