Family: Poaceae - Grass family
Growth Habit: Graminoid
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Akh, Kushiar, Kuishyal, Gendari, Ikhkhu.
Tribal Name: Pichchi (Khumi), Khet Paw (Murong).
English Name: Sugarcane, Noble Cane.
A tall, erect, perennial grass, with solid juicy stem, many nodded. Ligules very short, membranous, ciliate; blades linear-lanceolate. Panicles pyramidal, dense silvery.
Juice of stem is very rich in saccharine substances, particularly sucrose. It also contains mucilage, resin, fat, albumen, calcium oxalate and a white crystalline substance, guanine (Ghani, 2003). 5-O-Methylapigenin and 3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxy-3,6-dimethoxyflavone have been isolated from flowers and 5,7-O-dimethylapigenin-4'-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside have been isolated from leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Saccharum officinarum L.
Stem is taken as juice and tonic, cooling. In addition the juice is taken in jaundice (Khumi). The juice along with raw turmeric is given in jaundice.
Cultivated in Ishwardi, Pabna, Rajshahi, Dinajpur, Jamalpur and sporadically in almost all over the country.
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