Home >> Ethnobotany Plants: Part-S >> Saccharum officinarum L.

Saccharum officinarum L.

Group: Monocot
Family: Poaceae - Grass family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Graminoid

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Akh, Kushiar, Kuishyal, Gendari, Ikhkhu.

Tribal Name: Pichchi (Khumi), Khet Paw (Murong).

English Name: Sugarcane, Noble Cane.

Description of the Plant:

A tall, erect, perennial grass, with solid juicy stem, many nodded. Ligules very short, membranous, ciliate; blades linear-lanceolate. Panicles pyramidal, dense silvery.

Chemical Constituents:

Juice of stem is very rich in saccharine substances, particularly sucrose. It also contains mucilage, resin, fat, albumen, calcium oxalate and a white crystalline substance, guanine (Ghani, 2003). 5-O-Methylapigenin and 3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxy-3,6-dimethoxyflavone have been isolated from flowers and 5,7-O-dimethylapigenin-4'-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside have been isolated from leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Saccharum officinarum L.

Saccharum officinarum L.

Mode of Uses:

Stem is taken as juice and tonic, cooling. In addition the juice is taken in jaundice (Khumi). The juice along with raw turmeric is given in jaundice.

Distribution:

Cultivated in Ishwardi, Pabna, Rajshahi, Dinajpur, Jamalpur and sporadically in almost all over the country.

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