Home >> Ethnobotany Plants: Part-R >> Ricinus communis L.

Ricinus communis L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Euphorbiaceae - Spurge family
Duration: Annual, Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Reri, Bherenda, Arenda, Gab-bherenda, Venna.

Tribal Name: Lal bherol (Chakma), Letoke (Tripura), Apow (Khumi), Drulgriel (Bawm), Krachuban (Marma), Rangma-vedul (Chakma), Krachchubaoung (Marma).

English Name: Castor, Castor oil plant.

Description of the Plant:

A shrub. Leaves palmatifid, 6-10-lobed, peltate, margin serrate, apex acuminate. Flowers pale yellow, in terminal paniculate racemes. Capsules 3-lobed, softly echinate.

Chemical Constituents:

Seeds yield high percentage (46 to 53%) of a fixed oil. The oil principally consists of glycerides of ricinoleic, isoricinolic, stearic and dihydroxystearic acids, free ricinoleic, isoricinolic, stearic, linoleic, oleic and palmitic acids and a small quantity of palmitin and stearin. They also contain an alkaloid, ricinine and proteins consisting of globulin, albumin, nucleoalbumin, glycoprotein, a toxalbumin, ricin and some enzymes (Ghani, 2003). Seed coat contains 1.50-1.62% lipids and higher amounts of phosphatides and non-saponifiable matter than seed kernel (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Ricinus communis L.

Ricinus communis L.

Mode of Uses:

  • Pills prepared from the leaves and taken twice daily for the treatment of spleenomegaly. Juice of tender leaves is given with sugar or sugar candy in dysentery. Decoction of leaves is taken in jaundice (Chakma).
  • Leaves [together with 17 other plants (see Typhonium trilobatum)] are used to prepare a paste, which is applied to affected areas for the treatment of elephantiasis (Tripura).
  • Endosperm of seed is taken before and after seven days of menstruation as contraceptive (Khumi).
  • Warmed leaf is applied for the treatment of hand and leg pain (Bawm).
  • Take seven leaves and wormed in fire, these leaves are applied in anus for the treatment of piles (Marma).

Distribution:

In most of the places of Bangladesh in fallow lands and stream banks.

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