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Rakhaings Culture


The language of Rakhains belongs to the "Bothbarmi" group of language (Singh, 2002; Banglapedia). In Rakhaing Jati Shatta O Bangladesh by Aung (2005) noted that Rakhain speak in Rakhain language and it was an enriched language by Indo-Mongolian group of language. At present the alphabets which the Rakhain use is similar to Burmese alphabets.


Rakhains are Buddhists. Though Buddhists by religious faith, believe in supernatural power, so like the other Indigenous community and sub-Indigenous community they believe in superstitions, magic and supernatural powers. They observe the Maghi Purnima and Prabarna Purnima. The birth anniversary of Gautam Buddha is one of their religious ceremonies (Banglapedia; Singh, 2002; Alam, 1991).


The common dress of Rakhain men is the lungi and fatua. Sometimes they also ware jacket over their dress looking them more smart. In the cultural or religious festival they use Pagri (one kind of cap) on their head. The women wear embroidered lungis and blouses and also various type of ornaments on their bodies and flowers on their heads.

Rakhain Couple. All Rights Reserved.


The Rakhaines have an age-old tradition of their own social and cultural life. The gay, colorful and highly coveted festival is the "Sangrain" or water festival which is celebrated in the month of Baishake. It is their greatest community festival to welcome the New Year. Mainly it is the festival for youth. Young boys and girls sing songs and perform dances in groups. Wearing Goudy dress of fine tissue and ornaments of gold lovely Rakhaine girl’s line up on both sides of the village street and throw water on persons who happen to pass by them.

The main profession of Rakhains is farming. They also weave, make salt and molasses. Their diet includes rice, fish, pulses and vegetables. Pork and dried fish are favorite foods. They serve decorated pitthas (cakes) and sweet rice porridge on ceremonial occasion. Father is the formal head of the family in the Rakhain community. Both male and female members have equal rights. So, sons and daughter inherit parental property in equal proportion.

The Rakhaines are very zealous and cautious in retaining the originality of their distinctive culture. Still they are found fondly to cling to their dialect and culture. "Untouched by the cross-currents of social changes which took place over the years, their cultural life and social ethos shine in their pristine glory" (Islam, 1990; Ahmed, 1995).

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