Home >> Ethnobotany Plants: Part-P >> Pterospermum acerifolium Willd.

Pterospermum acerifolium Willd.

Group: Dicot
Family: Sterculiaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kanokchapa, Katchampa, Muchganda, Moos, Moochkunda (Chittagong), Mushkand, Madhurabura (Sylhet), Muchigandha.

Tribal Name: Sohralum (Chakma), Mounoajaya (Tanchangya), Chasyabaong (Marma).

Description of the Plant:

A large tree, branches stout, young parts densely tomentose. Flowers rarely in cymes, fragrant, dull white.

Chemical Constituents:

Bark contains an acid polysaccharide composed of D-galacturonic acid, D-galactose and L-rhamnose. Flowers are rich in carbohydrates; also contain bitter principles, kaempferol-3-O-glucoside as the major pigment and glycosides of luteolin, kaempferol and quercetin as minor components. Capsule shell contains scopoletin, kaempferol and quercetin (Ghani, 2003). Seeds contian tyrosine, cystine, glycine, glucose, lactose, xylose and rhamnose (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).

Pterospermum acerifolium Willd.

Pterospermum acerifolium Willd.

Mode of Uses:

A paste prepared from the leaves of Ixora nigricans, Ophiorrhiza mungos and Pterospermum acerifolium is applied to affected areas for the treatment of paralysis (Chakma).

A paste of the leaves is applied to affected areas for boils (Tanchangya).


Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar and Sylhet.

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