Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kanokchapa, Katchampa, Muchganda, Moos, Moochkunda (Chittagong), Mushkand, Madhurabura (Sylhet), Muchigandha.
Tribal Name: Sohralum (Chakma), Mounoajaya (Tanchangya), Chasyabaong (Marma).
A large tree, branches stout, young parts densely tomentose. Flowers rarely in cymes, fragrant, dull white.
Bark contains an acid polysaccharide composed of D-galacturonic acid, D-galactose and L-rhamnose. Flowers are rich in carbohydrates; also contain bitter principles, kaempferol-3-O-glucoside as the major pigment and glycosides of luteolin, kaempferol and quercetin as minor components. Capsule shell contains scopoletin, kaempferol and quercetin (Ghani, 2003). Seeds contian tyrosine, cystine, glycine, glucose, lactose, xylose and rhamnose (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Pterospermum acerifolium Willd.
A paste prepared from the leaves of Ixora nigricans, Ophiorrhiza mungos and Pterospermum acerifolium is applied to affected areas for the treatment of paralysis (Chakma).
A paste of the leaves is applied to affected areas for boils (Tanchangya).
Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar and Sylhet.
Return from Pterospermum acerifolium Willd. to Ethnobotany Plants profile.