Home >> Ethnobotany Plants: Part-P >> Premna esculenta Roxb.

Premna esculenta Roxb.

Group: Dicot
Family: Verbenaceae - Verbena family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Lalana, Lalong.

Tribal Name: Silazra (Chakma), Lelom pada (Chakma), Lahana shak (Marma), Lamur (Marma), Angkung-gam (Khumi), Unarei (Bawm), Krwk hwoay row-k(Marma), Orai(Tripura), Kamrah (Marma), Kramu-rauh (Marma), Un Adehye Nah (Bawm), Kasobu (Murang).

Description of the Plant:

A short stemmed branching shrub, glabrous. Leaves ovate or elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, sharply serrate. Flowers in dense globose corymb. Drupes globose.

Mode of Uses:

A paste of the leaves is applied to affected areas for treatment of infections; the juice of the leaves is taken for the treatment of lumbrichi (Chakma).

Extract prepared from root, taken one of two cupfuls twice daily for two days to treat over bleeding during delivery. Leaves are eaten as a vegetable (Marma).

Boiled leaf extract is taken as blood purifier. Leaves are used to prepare salad, chutney and cooked as vegetable (Khumi).

Leave boiled in water and mixed with chilly for making chutney (Bawm).

Premna esculenta Roxb.

Premna esculenta Roxb.

The leaves are used as leafy vegetables and also as additive(Chakma, Tripura, Marma, Bawm).

Leaves cooked with Nappi, (a fermented paste of varieties of marine fishes) is an important diet for the patient of jaundice of the tribal communities in Chittagong Hill Tracts.


Forests of Chittagong and Chittagong Hill Tracts.

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