Plumeria acuminata W. T. Aiton
Plumeria tricolor Ruiz & Pav.
Family: Apocynaceae - Dogbane family
Growth Habit: Tree
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Gorur-chapa, Gulaich, Golak-champa, Kat-golap, Chalta-golap, Kat-mollika.
Tribal Name: Angara (Marma), Gulchi (Tripura), Lingmei-kamseng (Khumi).
English Name: Temple or Pagoda tree.
A small tree. Leaves simple, broadly obovate-spathulate, cuneate at base, acuminate at apex, Flowers cream coloured with yellow centre, in stout peduncled corymbose cymes. Follicles in pairs.
Oleanene type triterpenes, plumeric acid and methyl ether plumerates are present in the plant. Bark contains bitter glycosides, plumieride, plumeric acid, ß-sitosterol, lupeol, plumieride, amyrin and fulvoplumierin. Plumericin, isoplumericin, 4-hydroxy acetophenone, plumieride, coumaryl plumieride and protoplumericine are present in the heartwood. Flowers contain essential oil. (Ghani, 2003). Fulvoplumierin, amyrin and lupeol have also been isolated from stem wood. Fulvoplumierin, plumericin and three new compounds - isoplumericin, ß-dihydroplumericin and ß-dihydroplumericinic acid have been isolated from roots (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Cultivated as an ornamental plant in gardens and temples.
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