Synonyms: Plumbago rosea L.
Family: Plumbaginaceae - Leadwort family
Growth Habit: Shrub Vine
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Raktachita, Lalchita, Raktachitra, Agnichita.
Tribal Name: Agunitita (Chakma), Kaing-kheo (Marma), Aigga (Garo).
English Name: Rose-coloured Lead-wort.
An undershrub. Leaves simple, ovate-oblong, acute. Flowers bright-rose, in long terminal spikes. Capsules enclosed in a persistent glandular calyx.
Root and bark contain a strong antimicrobial napthoquinone, plumbagin, sitosterol glycoside, tannin, glucose and organic acids. Aerial parts contain 6-hydroxyplumbagin, plumbagin, sitosterol, stigmasterol and campesterol. A new bi-naphthaquinone, roseanone and the known naphthaquinones, droserone, elliptinone and zucylanone, have been isolated from the roots (Ghani, 2003).
Pills prepared from the roots along with black pepper is given in jaundice. Pills prepared from leaves are taken twice daily for the treatment of dysentery, and a paste of the leaves applied to affected areas for tumours (Chakma).
Pills prepared from the leaves of this plant along with the wlole plant of Habenaria constrictais given as a contraceptive (Marma).
Chittagong, Chittagong Hills Tracts and Dhaka.
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