Home >> Ethnobotany Plants: Part-P >> Piper longum L.

Piper longum L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Piperaceae - Pepper family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Vine

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Pipla, Pepul.

Tribal Name: Bhuth-pan (Chakma).

English Name: Long Pepper.

Description of the Plant:

A creeping undershrub, rooting at base. Leaves simple, ovate-oblong, entire, cordate at base, acute at apex. Flowers yellow, in elongate spikes. Berries ovoid, red when ripe.

Chemical Constituents:

Fruits contain a pungent resin, essential oil, starch, alkaloids piperine, piperanine piplartine and two liquid alkaloids; triacontane, sesamin dihydrostigmasterol, piplasterol, sesquiterpenes, glycosides and sugars. Stems contain alkaloids, piperine. The pungent principle present in the fruit is capsaicin (Ghani, 2003). Piperlongumine, piperlonguminine, piperine, sesamin, methyl 3,4,5-trimethoxycinnamate have been isolated from roots (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993). Two monocyclic sesquiterpenes, bp. 235? and bp. 247? and a new sesquiterpenic hydrocarbon containing tetrasubstituted double bond have been isolated from essential oil (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).

Mode of Uses:

Decoction of the dried immature fruit and the root is given in acute and chronic bronchitis attended with cough. Stem extract with hot water is given to childrens to cure mumps (Chakma).

Piper longum L.

Piper longum L.

Pills prepared from the whole plant of Euphorbia hirta and fruits of Piper longum are taken as a galactogogue.


In shady floors of forest and village grove.

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