Family: Piperaceae - Pepper family
Growth Habit: Vine
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Pipla, Pepul.
Tribal Name: Bhuth-pan (Chakma).
English Name: Long Pepper.
A creeping undershrub, rooting at base. Leaves simple, ovate-oblong, entire, cordate at base, acute at apex. Flowers yellow, in elongate spikes. Berries ovoid, red when ripe.
Fruits contain a pungent resin, essential oil, starch, alkaloids piperine, piperanine piplartine and two liquid alkaloids; triacontane, sesamin dihydrostigmasterol, piplasterol, sesquiterpenes, glycosides and sugars. Stems contain alkaloids, piperine. The pungent principle present in the fruit is capsaicin (Ghani, 2003). Piperlongumine, piperlonguminine, piperine, sesamin, methyl 3,4,5-trimethoxycinnamate have been isolated from roots (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993). Two monocyclic sesquiterpenes, bp. 235? and bp. 247? and a new sesquiterpenic hydrocarbon containing tetrasubstituted double bond have been isolated from essential oil (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990).
Decoction of the dried immature fruit and the root is given in acute and chronic bronchitis attended with cough. Stem extract with hot water is given to childrens to cure mumps (Chakma).
Piper longum L.
Pills prepared from the whole plant of Euphorbia hirta and fruits of Piper longum are taken as a galactogogue.
In shady floors of forest and village grove.
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