Family: Piperaceae - Pepper family
Growth Habit: Vine
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Pan, Tambuli.
Tribal Name: Pan (Rakhaing), Mra (Khumi), Pandongna (Bawm).
English Name: Betel, Betel-leaf, Betel vine.
Small trees, shrubs, subshrubs, or rarely herbs, erect or reclining, glabrous or pubescent. Leaves alternate, pubescent. Leaf blade conspicuously pinnately veined, lateral veins ascending-arching. Spikes opposite leaves, ascending-arching, densely flowered, distally drooping. Flowers sessile, borne on surface of rachis; floral bracts fringed with whitish hairs. Fruits sessile, oblong. Cultivated in marginal land.
Leaves contain up to 1% of an essential oil with burning taste, composed of cadinene, chavicol, chavibetol and cineole. They also contain an alkaloid, arakene, tannins, starch, sugars and diastases. In addition, they contain ß-carotene and a-tocopherol. Roots contain diosgenin and ß-sitosterol (Ghani, 2003).
Piper betel L.
Cultivated all over the country.
Return from Piper betel L. to Ethnobotany Plants profile.