Physalis eggersii O.E. Schulz
Physalis lagascae Roem. & Schult.
Physalis lagascae Roem. & Schult. var. glabrescens O.E. Schulz
Physalis minima var. indica (Lam.) C. B. Clarke
Family: Solanaceae - Potato family
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Phutka, Ban Tipariya, Tepari.
Tribal Name: Pitting gul gaas (Chakma), Pitus (Chakma), Tumplang (Khumi), Fwa-Lowk-Shi(Marma), Pukki (Tripura), Faooma; Afang falow (Marma), Sisitappa (Garo), Thepa (Garo).
English Name: Cape Gooseberry, Winter Cherry.
An erect annual herb. Leaves simple, ovate, acute. Flowers pale yellow, solitary, axillary. Berries sub-spherical, yellow.
Leaves and roots contain tumour-inhibiting steroidal alkaloids. Leaves contain anti-inflammatory polyphenols, quercetin-3-0-galactoside, plant sterols, vitamins A and C, and the roots, tropane-type alkaloids. 5ß, 6ß-Epoxyphysalin B, withaphysalins A, B, and C, dihydroxyphysalin B, along with physalins A, B and C have also been isolated from leaves. The plant also contains a number of flavonoids including 5-methoxy-6, 7-methylene-dioxyflavone and 5,6,7-trimethoxy flavone (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
The leaf extract is taken for urethritis and a paste prepared from the crushed leaves of Amischotolyphe mollisima var. glabrata, Physalis minima and sap from the bulb of Allium cepa is taken thrice daily for the treatment of malaria (Chakma).
Ripe fruits are eaten (Khumi).
Fruits are eaten (Chakma, Tripura).
All over the country in fallow lands.
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