Home >> Ethnobotany Plants: Part-P >> Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir.

Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir.

Group: Dicot
Family: Euphorbiaceae - Spurge family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Panseuli, chitki, Pankushi, Panjuli.

Tribal Name: Kamboi lodi pata (Chakma), Bospai (Tripura), Charitae (Bawm), Ghung-nel; Gounni (Marma), Bospai (Tripura).

Description of the Plant:

A straggling shrub. Leaves simple, alternate in main stems; distichous in ultimate branchlets, ovate-elliptic, obtuse at base, acute. Flowers greenish, axillary, solitary or in fascicles. Berries subglobose, bluish-black.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves and bark contain gum, tannic acid and a crystalline principle. Roots contain octacosanol, taraxeryl acetate, friedelin, epifriedelinol, betulin, taraxerone, ß-sitosterol, glochidonol and 21- a-hydroxyfriedelan-3-one (Ghani, 2003).

Mode of Uses:

  • A bark extract is applied to the teeth for the treatment of caries (Chakma).
  • Leaves boiled in water and the extract is taken for the treatment of boils (Bawm).
  • Juice of the leaves is used in diarrhoea of infants. Root juice is takento treat Malaria.It is given in dysentery (Marma).
  • Ash of porcupine spines is mixed with the crushed leaf of Cymbopogon citratus, the bark of Phyllanthus reticulatus and the leaves of Acorus calamus and taken for the treatment of coughs (Tripura).

Distribution:

Throughout the country in fallow lands.

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