Family: Euphorbiaceae - Spurge family
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Bhuiamla.
Tribal Name: Bangoribhanga gaas (Chakma), Grukhri (Marma), Kura Amluki (Tanchangya).
An erect or decumbent herb. Leaves simple, oblong, truncate at base, entire, obtuse at apex. Flowers green, in axillary fascicles. Capsules globose.
Three lignans - niranthin, nirtetralin and phyltetralin have been isolated from leaves. Leaves also contain phyllanthin and hypophyllanthin. Estradiol has been detected in bark and roots. Root also contains Kaempferol-4'-rhamnopyranoside, eriodictyol-7-rhamnapyranoside and lup-20(20)-en-3ß-ol and its acetate (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
A leaf extract is taken for allergies in children and also for the treatment of snakebites (Chakma).
Hot infusion of the leaves is drunk to stop acute pain in the stomach. Fresh roots are beneficial in jaundice (Marma).
The decoction of the root and leaves is taken in cold and fever. Juice prepared from root is taken to treat ulcers (Tanchangya).
All over the country in fallow lands.
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