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Pharmacological Dictionary

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Abdomen: The part of the trunk that lies between the thorax and the pelvis.
Abortifacient: An agent that promotes abortion.
Abortion: The giving birth to an embryo or fetus prior to the stage of viability (usually during first three months).
Abscess: A circumscribed collection of pus.
Acidity: The state of being acid referring to the gastric problems.
Acne: A disease marked by pimples. A pimple.
Adenitis: Inflammation of a gland.

Agglutination: A process of union in wound healing.
Ague: Malarial fever marked by chill, fever and sweating.
Albuminuria: The presence of protein (Albumin) in urine.
Alexeritic: a substance to counteract infection or poison.
Alexipharmac: Preserving against poison, antidotal.
Allergy: Hypersensitivity of the body cells.
Alopecia: the state of being bald.
Alterative: a substance used empirically to alter the course of a disease favourably.
Amaurosis: Blindness
Ambeicide: a substance which kills ameba.
Amenorrhoea: Abnormal suppression or absence of menses.
Amoebiasis: A diseased condition of intestine (Dysentery) or liver caused by the parasite amoeba (Entamoeba histolytica).
Analgesic: a substance for killing pain.
Anaphrodisiac: a substance to reduce sexual desire.
Anemia: a deficiency in red corpuscles.
Anodyne: a substance for killing pain.
Anorexia: Loss of appetite.
Ant fertility: An agent which checks or control fertility.
Antacid: A drug which neutralizes the acidity of the gastric juice.
Anthelminthic: killing certain types of worms.
Anthrax: Carbuncle.
Antiallergic: Any agent or measure that prevents, inhibits or alleviates an allergic reaction.
Antibilious: a substance used to treat disorders of the gall bladder.
Antidiarrhetic: a substance for counteracting diarrhea.
Antidotal: a substance used to counteract a noxious substance.
Antidote: An agent that neutralizes a poison or counteracts its effect.
Antidysmenorrheic: a substance used to relieve painful menstruation.
Antiecbolic: a substance to counteract an abortifacient.
Antiemetic: a substance to prevent vomiting.
Antiemetic: Preventing or arresting vomiting.
Antiepileptic: a substance to prevent or alleviate convulsive seizures.
Antigalactagogue: An agent that diminishes or arrests the secretion of milk.
Antihemorrhagic: a substance used to prevent excessive bleeding.
Antihepatitic: a substance for the diseases of the liver.
Antihistamic: An agent having an effect to relieve the symptoms of allergy.
Anti-implantation: An agent which disturbs or prohibits the implantation (attachment) of the fertilized ovum.
Antilithic: An agent which counteracts the development of stone or calculi.
Antinephrititic: a substance used to ameliorate infection of the kidney.
Antineuralgic: a substance used to alleviate the pain associated with irritated nerves.
Antiperiodic: A drug which cures the periodic attack of a disease.
Antiperodic: a substance used to counteract malaria or periodic fever
Antiphlegmatic: Relieving inflammations.
Antipruritic: Any agent which relieves or prevents itching.
Antipyretic: Antiphlegmatic, A substance that reduces fever.
Antirheumatic: a substance used to alleviate rheumatism (pain, swelling, and deformity of the joints).
Antiscorbutic: a substance used to prevent scurvy.
Antiseptic: a substance used to kill germs.
Antispasmodic: a substance used to alleviate sustained, often painful, contractions of the muscles.
Antispasmodic: Preventive or curative of convulsions or spasmodic affections.
Antisplenitic: a substance used to alleviate inflammation of the spleen.
Antitetanic: a substance used to counteract or alleviate the condition tetanus (tonic spasm of voluntary muscles).
Antivenereal: a substance used to counteract venereal diseases.
Anuria: Total suppression of urine.
Anxiety: Restlessness.
Aperient: a mild laxative.
Aphrodisiac: a substance which stimulates sexual desire.
Aphthae: Small white pustules on the mucous membrane of the mouth.
Aphthosis: hoof and mouth disease.
Apoplexy: a loss of consciousness, sensation, and voluntary motion as a result of obstruction of arterial flow to the brain.
Appendicitis: inflammation of the appendix.
Appetzer: A substance, which increases the desire to take food.
Arrow poison: a substance used to poison arrows.
Arthritis: inflammation of the articulating surfaces of the joints.
Ascites: Abdominal dropsy; an accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
Asthenia: Debility; Weakness.
Asthma: condition of the respiratory system associated with continuous difficulty in breathing.
Astringent: a mildly binding substance.
Athlet's foot: Referring to a fungus infection or eczematous eruption of foot
Atony: Lack of tension or muscular power.
Atrophy: Wasting or emaciation with loss of strength.
Attenuant: An agent that dilutes fluid.

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Bactericide: a substance used to kill bacteria.
Balanitis: Inflammation of glans penis.
Balds: Absence or decrease in the amount of hair; alopecia.
Bark cloth: primitive clothing made from the inner bark of plants.
Bechic: Controlling cough, cough remedy.
Belly- ache: Colic; Pain in the abdomen; popularly stomach- ache.
Beri- beri: Deficiency disease resulting mainly from deficiency of thiamine in the diet.
Beriberi: a disease due to thiamin deficiency.
Bile: The yellowish brown or green fluid secreted by the liver.
Biliousness: Diseases resulted from mild disturbance of hepatic function marked by malaise, giddiness, vomiting, head- ache indigestion, constipation etc.
Bleeding: Losing blood as a result of rupture or severance of blood vessels.
Blenorrhagia: Discharge from mucous surfaces; gonorrhoea.
Blisters: A collection of fluid beneath the epidermal layer of skin that forms the raised upper wall of the sac.
Blood pressure: Marked by an increased or decreased blood pressure than the normal.
Boils: swellings; a localized pyogenic infection.
Bowel complaints: Problems in intestine.
Bradycardiac: An agent which slow down rhythm of heart.
Bronchitis: inflammation of the bronchial tubs.
Bruises: Contusion usually producing a hematoma without rupture of the skin.
Bubo: Inflammatory swelling of lymphatic gland, particularly in the groin or axilla.

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Calculus (Calculi): A hard and solid concretion formed in the body, especially in the urinary organs: stone.
Cancer: a malignant tumor of any type.
Candlenuts: seeds or fruits which are strung and burned like candles..
Carbuncle: A dangerous form of boil having a flat surface which discharges pus from multiple points.
Cardiac: a substance supposed beneficial to the heart.
Caries: Decay of teeth.
Carminative: a substance which relieves flatulence (swelling of the stomach or intestines due to gases), and alleviates the pain.
Catamenial: of menstruation.
Cataplasm: a poultice or soft external application.
Cataract: A loss of transparency of the crystalline lens of the eye.
Catarrh: a cold or similar malady..
Cathartic: see purgative
Caulk: gum of a plant used for caulking, mending, or pasting.
Cephalalgia: Headache.
Cerebral affections: Diseases of the cerebrum (brain).
Chancer: A syphilitic ulcer.
Chicha: a beverage which may be fermented.
Chicle: a base for chewing gum.
Chills: A sensation of cold with convulsive shaking of body.
Chlorosis: A from of iron deficiency characterized by a great reduction of haemoglobin.
Cholagogue: A drug which promotes flow of bile.
Cholera: an infectious disease characterized by vomiting, cramps, fever, etc.
Chologogue: a substance producing or increasing the flow of bile.
Cicatrizant: Healing wound.
Coffee substitute: a plant furnishing a beverage similar to coffee.
Colitis: Inflammation of the colon.
Collyrium: a local eye medication, i.e., eyewash.
Congestion: To heap up, hyperaemia. Excess blood in an area.
Conjunctivitis: inflammation of the trans parent membrane which covers the eyeball.
Constipation: a condition in which bowel movements are infrequent or incomplete.
Consumption: A wasting of the tissues of the body, usually tuberculous.
Contraceptive: a substance to prevent conception.
Contusion: An injury to soft parts without breaking the skin; bruise.
Convulsion: A violent involuntary muscular contraction; spasm.
Cordage: a substance used for rope.
Corn: Wart.
Cosmetic: a substance used to decorate the body.
Costiveness: Constipation.
Counter-irritant: An agent that cause irritation or a mild inflammation of the skin with the object of relieving a deep-seated inflammatory process.
Cramp: Muscular contraction, muscle spasm.
Croup: Any affection of the larynx of children, characterized by difficult and noisy respiration accompanied by a hoarse cough.
Cutaneous: Relating to the skin.
Cystitis: Inflammation of the bladder.

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Dandruff: The presence of white scales in the hair of the scalp, due to the exfoliation of the epidermis.
Deafness: Hearing loss.
Debility: Weakness.
Decoction: Liquid preparation obtained by boiling medicinal plant substances in water and extracting drugs by straining the preparation.
Delirium: An extreme mental disturbance marked by excitement, restlessness and rapid succession of confused and unconnected ideas.
Delivery: Childbirth.
Demulcent: a soothing substance to reduce irritation.
Deobstruent: a substance to clear stoppage to passages or pores in the body. An agent that removes an obstruction to secretion or excretion; resolvent
Depilatory: a substance for the removal of hair.
Depressant: a substance which retards any function.
Depurative: a substance tending to purify or cleanse.
Depurative: Tends to purify or removes waste products or foul excretion.
Dermatosis: A nonspecific terms used to embrace any cutaneous eruptions.
Detergent: An agent that purifies or cleanses.
Diabetes: a disease in which the body is unable to metabolize sugar properly.
Diaphoretic: A drug that increases the secretion of the sweat/ a substance that promotes perspiration
Diarrhoea: an abnormally frequent discharge of more or less liquid stools.
Diathesis: The constitutional or inborn state disposing to a disease.
Digestive: a substance which aids digestion.
Diphtheria: An infectious disease of the throat and the air passage which become inflamed and swollen and are coated with a fibrinous exudates.
Discutient: a substance for removing skin or growths on the skin.
Disinfecant: An agent that destroys the germs or inhibiting their activity.
Diuretic: A drug which increases the secretion and discharge of urine/ a substance which increases the flow of urine.
Dizziness: A sensation of irregular and whirling motion.
Dropsy: a general accumulation of fluid in the body.
Dugouts: boats made of hollow logs.
Dye and ink: substance used to stain or tint.
Dysentery: A group of diseases characterized by painful diarrhoea often accompanied by blood and mucous caused by bacteria or protozoa/ diarrhea produced by irritation of the bowels.
Dysmenorrhoea: Unusually painful and difficult menstruation.
Dyspepsia: Indigestion.
Dyspnoea: Difficult breathing, usually associated with serious heart or lung diseases.
Dysuria: Difficult and painful urination.

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Earache: a pain in the ear.
Ecbolic: An agent that hastens delivery or produces abortion.
Eczema: A skin diseases presenting multiform lesions, moist or dry often accompanied by burning and itching.
Edema: Accumulation of excessive clear watery fluid in the tissues; dropsy.
Elephantiasis: a disease in which the lymph vessels are blocked by a parasite.
Emetic: An agent, which induces vomiting.
Emmenagogue: a substance which stimulates the menstrual flow.
Emollient: An agent, which allays irritation of the skin and alleviates swelling and pain.
Empacho: an infant diseases resulting in diarrhoea, pale stools and sour vomit, attributed to diet of mother during pregnancy.
Enema: a liquid preparation injected in to the rectum resulting in complete emptying of the bowel.
Enteritis: inflammation of the intestinal tract by infectionor irritating foods.
Epilepsy: A nervous disorder, characterized by attacks of unconsciousness or convulsion or both.
Epistaxis: Nosebleed.
Eruptions: The appearance of redness, spotting or lesions on the skin.
Erysipelas: St. Anthony's fire; a specific, acute inflammatory disease of the skin caused by Streptococcus.
Escharotic: An agent capable of destroying tissues.
Excitement: Stimulation.
Expectorant: An agent that increases bronchial secretion and facilitates its expulsion.

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Facial paralysis: Paralysis of the face.
Fainting: Extremely weak, threatened with loss of consciousness.
Fatigue: A state characterized by a lessened capacity for work and reduced efficiency, usually accompanied by a feeling of wariness, sleepiness or irritability.
Febricula: Simple continued fever.
Febrifuge: A remedy for fever.
Felon: Whitlow.
Fence posts: poles that take root as live trees when placed in the ground.
Firewood: wood that burns when green.
Fistula: A pathologic sinus or abnormal passage leading from an abscess cavity or a hollow organ to the surface, or from one abscess cavity or organ to another.
Flatulence: The presence of an excessive amount of gas in the stomach and intestines.
Flux: An excessive discharge of a fluid from the bowels or other organs, watery or bloody. Dysentery.
Fomentation: The application of warmth and moisture in the treatment of diseases; poulticing.
Fracture: A break; specially the bone or cartilage.
Fungicide: a substance that kills fungi, e.g., ringworm.
Furunculus: A boil.

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Galactagogue: a substance increasing flow of milk .
Gargle: A throat wash.
Gastralgia: Stomachache.
Gastric: Relating to stomach.
Giddiness: Dizziness.
Gingiva: The gum.
Gingivitis: Inflammation of the gingival tissue.
Gleet: A chronic discharge from the urethra, following gonorrhoea.
Glossitis: Inflammation of the tongue.
Glycosuria: Excretion of sugar with urine.
Gonorrhoea: An infectious venereal disease marked by inflammatory discharge from the genital organs.
Gount: A metabolic disorder, characterized by a raised but variable blood uric acid level, recurrent acute arthritis, deposition of crystalline sodium urate in connective tissues and articular cartilage and progressive chronic arthritis.
Gravel: A collection of tiny stone- like particles of uric acid, calcium oxalate or phosphates in the organs of the urinary system.
Griping: Sharp pain due to the presence of some irritating substance in the bowels.
Guinea worm: Avery slender worm infecting human beings through drinking contaminated water; it gradually works its way into subcutaneous tissues.
Gum: The muscles (dense fibrous tissue) that surrounds the teeth.

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Haematemesis: Vomiting of blood.
Haematuria: Any condition in which the urine contains blood or red blood cells.
Haemoptysis: spitting of blood.
Hallucination: A subjective perception of what does not exist.
Hallucinogen: a substance producing visions, illusions, etc.
Headache: A diffuse pain in various parts of the head.
Heart burn: A burning feeling in the regions of the chest and stomach, generally due to indigestion.
Hemicrania: Migraine.
Hemiplegia: Paralysis of one side of the body.
Hemoptysis: The splitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes.
Hemorrhage: Bleeding, especially profuse, from any part of the body.
Hemorrhoids: Piles.
Hemorrhoids: varicose veins of the lower rectum and anus.
Hemostatic: a substance for controlling bleeding.
Hepatic: Pertaining to the liver.
Hepatitis: Inflammation of the liver.
Hernia: Rupture; protrusion through its covering of any organ of the body.
Herpes: A deep- seated vesicular eruptions of skin, characterized by acute inflammation.
Hiccup: A diaphragmatic spasm causing a sudden inhalation, which is interrupted by a spasmodic closure of the glottis.
Hoarseness: An unnaturally deep and harsh quality of the voice.
Honey plant: a plant whose flowers are regularly visited by honey-producing bees.,
Hookworm: A worm of the genus Ancylostoma or Uncinaria.
Hydragogue: a strong laxative, producing a water discharge from the bowels.
Hydrocele: accumulation of serous fluid in a succulated cavity, specifically in the testis.
Hydrophobia: Rabies.
Hypertension: High blood pressure.
Hypnotic: A drug which induces sleep.
Hypocholesterolaemic: An agent which lowers cholesterol level.
Hypochondriasis: A mental disorder in which the patient is tormented by melancholy views, particularly about his health.
Hypoglycemic: A low concentration of sugar in the blood.
Hysteria: A diseases in which a physically healthy patient has lost control over acts and feelings and suffers from imaginary aliments.

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Impetigo: A contagious inflammatory skin diseases appears commonly on the scalp and tends to affect children and adolescents.
Impotence: Lack of power in the male to copulate; sexual weakness.
Indigestion: Failure of proper elaboration of the food in the alimentary tract.
Indolent: Painless; inactive.
Inflammation: Infection or irritation, characterized by pain, swelling, redness and heat.
Influenza: Viral fever, characterized by fever, catarrhal inflammation, headache, insomnia, delirium or mental depression.
Infusion: The steeping of a substance in water, in order to extract its soluble active principles.
Insanity: Mental derangements.
Insect repellent: a substance that repels insects.
Insecticidal: An agent that kills insects.
Insecticide: a substance that kills insects.
Insomnia: Wakefulness; inability to sleep.
Intermittent fever: Fever, which is marked by intervals of normal temperature between periods of rise of temperature.
Intoxication: Poisoning; Acute alcoholism.
Ischuria: Suppression of urine.
Itch: An irritating sensation in the skin that arouses the desire to scratch; common name for scabies.

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Jaundice: a yellow tinge to the skin, eyes, etc., caused by an increase in bile pigment.


Kapok: a soft downy substance used for stuffing pillows, etc.
Ketonuria: Presence of ketone in the urine.


Lachrymatory: An agent that induces the flow of tears.
Lactagogue: Galactagogue.
Lactifuge: an agent that checks the secretion of milk.
Lactogogue: a substance which stimulates the flow of milk..
Laryngitis: Inflammation of the larynx.
Laxative: a substance which helpe evacuate the bowels.
Leishmaniasis: a tropical disease transmitted by flies.
Leprosy: Chronic contagious diseases due to infection with Lepra bacillus.
Leucoderma: A condition of the skin which there is loss of pigment wholly or partially.
Leucorrhoea: A white or yellowish discharge from the vagina containing mucous and pus cells.
Leukemia: Cancer of blood.
Lithiasis: The formation of calculi, especially of biliary or urinary calculi.
Lithontriptic: a substance for the remobal of stones, e.g., gallstones.
Lithontriptic: an agent that effects/ removes calculi or stones formed in the urinary system.
Lochia: The vaginal discharge flowing child birth.
Loins: Lumbus; The part of the side and back between thorax and the pelvis.
Lumbago: Pain in loins; Muscular rheumatism, a general term for backache in lumbar region.
Lumbrichi: Intestinal worm.

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