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Pharmacological Dictionary

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W Y

M

Madness: Mentally ill condition.
Malaise: A feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness.
Malaria: Protozoan diseases, caused by the genus Plasmodium and transmitted by the Anopheles mosquito, causing fever, anemia and debility; Ague.
Mange: a contagious skin disease of hairy animals.

Mania: A mental disorder marked by dangerous excitement or insane or morbid craving.
Marasmus: Emaciation or atrophy in the first year of life.
Measles: An acute infectious disease, chiefly of children, marked by cold in head and appearance of white tiny spots on the inner side of the cheek and of rash all over the body.
Menorrhagia: Abnormally excessive menstruation.
Metritis: Inflammation of the uterus.
Micturation: Urination.
Migraine: Periodic attack of headache affecting one side of the head.
Milktree: a tree with potable latex.
Mosquito repellent: a substance that repels mosquitoes.
Mumpes: An infections diseases marked by the inflammation of the glands near the ear.

N

Narcotic: A drug, which induces deep sleep; relieves pain.
Nausea: A feeling that vomiting is about to take place, due to sickness in the stomach.
Nauseant: An agent that causes nausea.
Necklace material: a substance used in the making of rosaries.
Nephritis: Inflammation of the kidneys.
Nephrocirrhosis: Cirrhosis of kidneys.
Nervine: An agent that increases nerve force and lessens irritability.
Neuralgia: Nerve pain.
Nightblindness: A diseases occurred due to lack or deficiency of vitamin A, in which the patient is incapable of seeing in the dark
Nunupa: unidentified seed or fruit (perhaps pimenta or ficus) used by the bayano cuna for making necklaces.

O

Obesity: Fatness; An increase in body-weight beyond the limitation of skeletal and physical requirement.
Oedema: Swelling from the deposition of serous fluid into the cellular texture, which is synonymous to anasarca.
Oil plants: plants used as a source of edible or useful oils.
Oleagenous: Oily or having the qualities of oil.
Oliguria: Scanty urination.
Ophthalmia: Conjunctivitis.
Orchitis: Inflammation of the testis.
Otalgia: Pain in the ear or earache.
Otitis: Inflammation of the ear.
Otorrhoea: A purulent discharge from the ear.
Oxytocic: Hastens child birth; promotes the rapidity of labour.
Ozoena: Atrophic condition of the nasal mucous membrane with associated cristing and foetor.

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P

Palsy: paralysis.
Paralysis: Loss of power of movement or action.
Parasiticidal: An agent that destroys parasites.
Parturition: Child birth; labour.
Pectoral: A drug to cure disorders of the chest.
Pemphigus: Chronic bullous diseases; pyogenic infection.
Pesticidal: Having the properties to destroy pests.
Pesticide: a substance used for killing pests, e.g., mice.
Pharyngitis: Inflammation of the pharynx.
Phlegm: Inflammation.
Phthisis: Consumption; Tuberculosis of the lungs.
Piles: An inflamed condition of the veins in the rectal region; Hemorrhoids.
Pimples: small pustules.
Piscicide: a substance to kill or stupefy fish.
Pityriasis: A scaly skin diseases.
Pleurisy: Inflammation of the pleura associated with severe pain in the chest or sides.
Pneumonia: An acute infectious disease, characterized by inflammation of the lungs.
Polyp: Any growth from a mucous membrane.
Potherb: a plant part edible after cooking.
Poultice: A paste of plant parts or drug applied to sore or inflamed part of the body to act as an emollient, relaxing, counter €“irritant; Cataplasm.
Prolapse: The falling downward of an organ of the body from its normal position.
Prostate gland: A chestnut shaped body that surrounds the beginning of the urethra in the male.
Prurigo: A chronic skin diseases marked by the eruption of small, rounded, reddish pimples.
Pruritis: Itching.
Psoriasis: A common chronic inflammation of the skin, marked by rounded reddened patches, which are covered with dry silvery scales.
Pterygium: A wing like excrescence of a triangular shape, extending from the conjunctiva to the cornea.
Puerperium: The period between childbirth and the return of the womb to its normal condition.
Pulmonary: Pertaining to the lungs.
Purgative: a substance to relieve constipation. 
Pustule: A small circumscribed elevation on the skin, containing pus.
Pyemia: A condition in which pyogenic bacteria circulate in the blood and from abscess where ever they lodge.
Pyorrhoea: Purulent discharge from the gums.

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R

Rabies: An infectious virus disease caused by the bite of an infected dog; Hydrophobia.
Rafting: lightweight logs used in making rafts.
Rash: A temporary eruption on the skin.
Refrigerant: An agent that relieves feverishness and thrust or produces a feeling of coolness.
Remittent fever: Fever in which the temperature fluctuates considerably, but does not drop to the normal.
Renal: Relating to kidneys.
Repellent: a substance supposed to keep bats away, a substance supposed to keep snakes away, a substance supposed to keep ticks away.
Resolvent: Which reduces swelling or inflammation.
Restorative: recovery or revitalization of health.
Retinitis: Inflammation of retina.
Rheumatism: An indefinite terms used for pains and inflammation in the muscles, joints & tissues resulting in discomfort or disability.
Rickets: A vitamin-D deficiency of the young, often marked by the faulty ossification of bone.
Ringworm: A parasitic skin diseases usually marked by red, scaly, circular patches.
Root edible-cooked: plants whose roots or underground parts are edible after cooking or processing.
Root edible-raw: plants whose underground parts are edible unprocessed.
Rubber sources: plants whose latices serve to make crude rubber.
Rubefacient: A mild counter- irritant.
Rubefacient: a substance producing redness of the skin.

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S

Salt source: a plant that may be converted into a salt substitute.
Scabies: A contagious itching skin diseases caused by a parasite.
Scald: The lesion resulting from contact with hot liquid or steam; any crusted lesion or scaly lesion of the scalp.
Schizophrenia: A mental disorder, characterized by a disorder in thinking processes, such as delusions and hallucinations and extensive withdrawal of the individuals interest from other people and the outside world, and the investment of it in his own.
Sciatica: Neuralgic pain along the course of sciatica nerve caused by inflammation or injury to nerve.
Screwworms: larvae or maggots of certain flies that burrow in the living body.
Scrofula: Tuberculosis of the lymphatic glands, especially of the neck in which the glands become enlarged.
Scurf: Dandruff.
Scurvy: A deficiency diseases due to lack of vitamin C, characterized by extreme weakness, spongy gums, anemia, hemorrhages into the skin.
Seborrhoea: Disease in which discharge forms white or yellow greasy scales on skin.
Sedative: a substance used to quiet a person or put him to sleep.
Seeds edible-cooked: plants whose seeds are edible after cooking or processing.
Seeds edible-raw: plants whose seeds are edible without processing.
Seeds poisonous: plant whose seeds are toxic.
Seminal weakness: Relating to semen weakness; Impotency.
Sexual debility: Sexual weakness: inability or less ability to intercourse.
Sialagogue: A drug, which promotes salivation.
Sinus: Suppurating tract or fistula.
Slough : Necrotic tissue in the process of separating from the viable portion of the body. To shed or cast of.
Snakebite cures: plants used in treatment of snakebite.
Soap plants: cleansing plants used to produce a lather of saponin.
Soporific: a substance producing sleep.
Sore throat: a pain or itch in the throat.
Sores: A wound, ulcer or skin lesion; painful.
Sorethroat: Inflammation or pain in the throat.
Sour Eructation: Raising of gas or of a small quantity of acid fluid from the stomach.
Spasmogenic: An agent that cause spasm.
Spasmolytic: An agent that arrest spasm.
Spermatorrrhoea: The involuntary discharge of semen with orgasm.
Spice: a substance used to add flavor to food, beverage, or tobacco.
Spleen: The organ that filters blood and prevents infection.
Splenitis: see spleen disease.
Sprains: An injury to a joint, with possible rupture of some of the ligaments but without dislocation or fracture.
Stimulant: An agent that cause increased functional activity.
Stomachache: Pain in the stomach.
Stomachic: Which promotes the functional activity of the stomach.
Stomatitis: Inflammation of the mouth.
Stones: Calculus.
Strangury: Painful and drop by drop urination with tenesmus.
Stricture: A circumscribed narrowing or stenosis of a tubular structure.
Struma : A scrofulous tumour.
Stuttering: Hesitation in speech; defective utterance; Stammer.
Styptic: Arrest or stops bleeding.
Sudorific: a substance that induces sweating.
Sunstroke: a stroke due to excessive exposure to the sun.
Suppository: a solid medication to insert in any cavity other than the mouth.
Suppurative: a substance supposed to bring infections to a head.
Suppurative: Forming pus.
Syphilis: A chronic venereal diseases.

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T

Taeniacide: An agent which kills Taenia (Tapeworm).
Tanbark: a plant whose bark produces much tannin or is used in tanning.
Tauta: unidentified choco medicine for eye irritation. The plant is grated and squeezed and the exudate used as a collyrium.
Tea plant: a plant that is boiled to make a beverage.
Tenesmus: A painful spasm of the anus with an urgent desire to evacuate the bowel or bladder.
Tetanus: An infections disease, marked by painful contraction in the muscles.
Thatch plant: a plant used for making shelter.
Thirst: A desire to drink.
Tinder: a plant with parts that are incendiary.
Tobacco substitutes: plants which are smoked like tobacco.
Tonsillitis: Inflammation of a tonsil.
Tooth extraction plants: plants used to facilitate the removal of teeth.
Toothache plants: plants used to cure aching teeth.
Torchwood: plants whose wood catches and retains fire easily.
Tranquillizing: Calming of a person suffering from nervous tension, anxiety etc.
Tuberculosis: Infectious diseases caused by tubercle bacillus, attacking all tissues, specially the lungs.
Tumor: any swelling having Inflammation; Neoplasm.
Tympanites: Swelling of the abdomen from gas in the intestinal or peritoneal cavity.
Typhoid: Infectious diseases caused by bacteria, causes fever and intestinal disorders.

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U

Ulcer: An open sore on the skin.
Unconsciousness: Loss of consciousness (Awareness).
Unguent: an ointment for burns.
Urethritis: Inflammation of the urethra, the canal which extends from the bladder and discharges the urine.
Urticant: Producing urticaria.
Urticaria: A skin eruption characterized by the appearance of intensely itching wheals; an allergic disease
Uterine: Relating to the uterus (womb), in which the fertilized egg developed into the child.

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V

Vaginits: Inflammation of the vagina, the genital canal in the female.
Vasodilator: An agent which causes dilation of blood vessels.
Venereal: Relating to or resulting from sexual intercourse.
Vermicides/Vermifuge: A drug which kills or expels intestinal worms.
Vermifuge: a substance for expelling worms.
Vermin: Parasitic insects, such as lice, bedbugs.
Vertigo: Dizziness.
Vesical calculi: Stones in bladder.
Vesicant: An agent that produces blisters.
Visceral: Relating to the viscera, an organ, mainly of the abdominal.
Vomiting: The ejection of matter from the stomach through oesophagus and mouth.
Vulnerary: a substance for healilng wounds and sores.

W

Wart: A hypertrophy of or growth on the skin.
Water sources: plants used to quench the thirst.
Whitlow: A suppurative inflammation of a finger or toe.
Whooping cough: An acute infectious disease characterized by peculiar spasmodic attacks of coughing.
Wine sources: plants used in wine production.

Y

Yellow fever: an infectious tropical disease.

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