Gentiana scandens Lour.
Paederia magnifica Noronha
Paederia scandens (Lour.) Merr.
Paederia tomentosa Blume
Family: Rubiaceae - Madder family
Growth Habit: Vine, Shrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Gandhabadhuli, Gandhabhaduli, Gandhal, Madhulata.
Tribal Name: Ghorbobaishak (Tanchangya), Clemra/Ambikku (Khumi), Patabansludi (Chakma), Kha Bu Noya (Marma), Noya Bock (Marma).
English Name: Chinese Flower Plant, Chinese Moon-creeper, Kings Tonic.
A slender, wiry foetid climber, winding anti-clockwise. Leaves opposite, elliptic-ovate, oblong-ovate or lanceolate. Flowers greenish purple with reddish purple mouth, in axillary and terminal cymes. Fruit ellipsoid, reddish.
Leaves are rich in carotene and vitamin C; and also contain high amount of protein consisting of arginine, histidine, lysine, tyrosine, tryptophan, phenylalanine, cystine, methionine and valine. Aerial parts also contain a crystalline keto alcohol paederolone, a keto compound, paederone, ß- and d-sitosterols and two volatile alkaloids, paederine and paederenine. Leaves contain a volatile oil of an offensive odour due to the presence of methyl mercaptan (Ghani, 2003).
Hentriacontane, hentriacontanol, methyl mercaptan, ceryl alcohol, palmitic acid, sitosterol, stigmasterol, campesterol, ursolic acid and iridoid glycosides - paederoside, paederosidic acid, scandoside, asperuloside and deacetylasperuloside have also been isolated from leaves and stems (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
In most of the district on fences and bushes.
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