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Origin of Chak

According to the historians and linguists, many opinions are found about their original habitation and about their entrance into Bangladesh. Mr. Aungsau in his book Rakhain Rajwan (History of Arakan dynasty) has descried that the Chak community had moved towards the south and established their settlements in the outreached areas between the rivers Ganga and Brahammaputra of the northern India since the ancient period.

Purba Suckkay Anhi Suchks (Probably the people of the Chak community) living in the east valley of the river Brahammaputra entered into the Chinese province of Younang via the Indian province of Asam and Arunachal. According to Mr. Thoaing Shoi Khain, the then Chak living in the Chinese province of Younang were considered as the people of such community who had big ears in the history of ancient China.

At present, the Chak women are seen to perforate their ears and to put on big ear rings. That is why they were called the people of such communities who had big ears. According to historian and researcher Mr. Aung Sa U and Thoaing Shoi Khain, the Chak settled down in the present Myanmar and in the northern border area of Hugong instead of the Chinese province of Younang. In course of time, they crossed the Chingkhong hill of the river Uro and reached the valleys of Hnikhong and Siluine. Then they moved towards the south and started settlements in Taga, Togong, Kasha, etc. of the east valley.

After that, they established settlements in both the valleys of the river Irabati. In this way, they scattered in the areas between Brahammadesh and Arakan. It can be mentioned here that the Chak had initiated the cultivation in the Kasha area at first. According to the historians, three different ethnic groups named the Pius, the Kanrans and the Suckhs entered into Brahammadesh and Arakan in the ancient period. But now the existence of only the Chak is found there. There is a hill named 'Twrang' which is eight miles south of Pegan (the then capital city of Myanmar). G. H. Luce in his book Hill Ruling the Thets has mentioned that this hill was called Sale Culu Ton because of having the settlements of the Chak here in the past.

Again a Chak village named 'Sakmunalon' was found in the book Myazedi Inscription written in 1133. It is also known from the books Ancient of Arakan, Census of India Vol-1, Burma part-II, Old Kyaukse and the coming of the Burmons and History of Burma, etc. that the Chak moved towards the south of the river Irabati from Twagoung and started living in the areas of Kakhchhen, Pegan, Longkruch, Oithali, Dalak, Roh, Aang, Michhagiri of Arakan and Brahammadesh in course of time.

Origin of Chak CHAK Women with Research Contributors. All Rights Reserved.

At the time of living at Sarak Prey of Rohma Hill Tracts situated between Myanmar and Arakan, their capital city was Michhagiri and the king was Yengchow in 1326. But according to researcher Ashok Kumar Dewan, the word 'Michhagiri' has come by abolishing the two terms such as the name of the king 'U-Za-Na' of Shan dynasty and the capital city 'Myn-Saing'.

Later on, the description of a battle between the Chakking and the Arakan king in 1333 is found in the book Rakhain Mrauk Fayh Dethama Mach Taing Rangma written by Thoaing Shoi Khain in the Burmese language. In that battle, the king Yengchow was defeated and surrendered to the Arakan king. After that, three sons of Yengchow developed their competence and started to rule the different areas of Brahammadesh in 1343 as per the instructions of the king.

The elder son Chozu started to rule the Mriching areas of eastern Brahammadesh, the second son Chopru ruled the prey areas and the youngest son Chotung ruled the areas of Amrang. Then the youngest son Chotung gained the title "Mangri Chowgeh". In this way, the Chak scattered in different areas of Arakan and Brahammadesh from the first half of the eleventh century to the last half of the sixteenth century.

Arrival in the Chittagong Hill Tracts

Francis Buchanon was the first to mention the word Chak' in his book Francis Buchanon in South East Bengal (1978). The river Naf had two branches. Buchanon identified the people who lived in the bank of the Chak Twang Hill as the Chaks or the Suckhs. The Chaks were both in Brahammadesh and Arakan during the political turmoil at the end of the fourteenth-fifteenth centuries (according to another view, it was in the sixteenth century).

For this reason, they were badly affected. Because of that political turmoil, a portion of the Chak community crossed the river Kaladeng situated in the province of Rakhain and Chengdang hill and then they entered into the hilly areas of Lama, Yechho, etc. of the present Bangladesh. Subsequently, they established their settlements in the valley of the river Bakkhari Permanently.


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