Home >> Ethnobotany Plants: Part-O >> Opuntia elatior Mill.

Opuntia elatior Mill.

Group:Dicot
Family: Cactaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bengali/vernacular Name: Phanimansa, Naghana.

Tribal Name: Philo-rot- paw (Murang).

English Name: Prickly Pear, Slipper Thorn.

Description of the Plant:

A spiny shrub with flattened, articulated, fleshy stems, up to 1.5 m high. Leaves 3.8 mm long, conical from a broad base. Joints 30-40 cm long, broadly obovate, not very thick, dull bluish-green. Aereoles large, bearing 4-6 prickles, the largest very stout, subulate, sharp, 2.5-3.8 cm long. Flowers 7.5 cm across, yellow tinged with orange. Berry pyriform, truncate, depressed at the apex.

Chemical constituents:

Stems contain malate of manganese, a fatty acid, citric acid, wax, resin and sugar. Fruits contain carbohydrates (mucilage, sugars), albuminoids, fat, vitamin C and other fruit acids. Ripe fruits contain a red pigment, betanin. Flowers contain flavonoids, glycosides of iso-rhamnetin, quercetin, iso-quercitrin and narcissin. The plant also contains ß-sitosterol, opuntiol and opuntiol acetate. A polysaccharide containing galactose and arabinose in 3:1 molar ratio has been isolated from pods (Ghani, 2003, Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).

Mode of Uses:

A leaf extract is taken for the treatment of intoxication (Marma).

Distribution:

Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Cox's Bazar.

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