Home >> Ethnobotany Plants: Part-O >> Ophiorrhiza mungos L.

Ophiorrhiza mungos L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Rubiaceae
Duration: Annual
Growth Habit: Herb

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Ganjankuli.

Tribal Name: Kalashona, kelarazi (Chakma), Maitu (Bawm).

Description of the Plant:

A low soft, herbacious plant, pubescent or tomentose. Leaves elliptic or elliptic-lanceolate, acute or acuminate. Flowers white in terminal cymes. Capsule glabrous.

Mode of Uses:

The roots of Ophiorrhiza mungos, Tectaria polymorpha and Laportea crenulata are crushed together and taken, in addition to a paste of leaves which is applied to the whole body, for the treatment of heart disease; a paste of the leaves of Ixora nigricans, Ophiorrhiza mungos and Pterospermum acerifolium is applied to affected areas for the treatment of paralysis (Chakma).

Powder prepared from leaf is applied to affected areas for the treatment of burns (Bawm).


Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar and Sylhet.

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