Ocimum suave Willd.
Ocimum viride Willd.
Ocimum viridiflorum Roth
Family: Lamiaceae - Mint family
Growth Habit: Subshrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Ram Tulsi, Ban Tulsi.
Tribal Name: Bipanak (Bawm), Midaphul (Chakma), Sang Haphoi (Marma), Midar Roshi Gaith (Tanchangya).
English Name: Shrubby Basil, African basil.
Shrub. Leaves simple, opposite petiolate, ovate or elliptic, oblong, hairy, margin serrate, apex acute of obtuse. Recemes greenish yellow.Fruits nutlets. Frequent in foot hill.
Leaves and other aerial parts yield essential oil, which contains thymol, eugenol, methyleugenol and methyl chavicol (Chopra et al., 1992). The oil also contains many other monoterpene and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons which include limonene, ß-ocimene, ß-caryophyllene, ß-selinine, ß-bisaboline, ?-eudesmol, ?-cadinene, T-cadinol, ß-eudesmol, thymol, ocimene, cadinane, periyllyl alcohol, myrcene, citral, geraniol and citronellol are also present in the oil (Ghani, 2003). Ocimol and gratissimin have been isolated from leaves (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1990)
Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts and Cox's Bazar.
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