Family: Lamiaceae - Mint family
Growth Habit: Herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Babuitulsi, Dulatulsi, Sadatulsi, Sabja.
Tribal Name: Burumpata (Marma and Murong), Sabarang (Chakma), Leowng (Khumi), Junga ju (Tanchangya), Chang Giroma (Murong).
A slender much scented and much branched herb, generally purple colour. Leaves ovate, acute, entire or more or less lobed or toothed. Flowers pale purple, in nearly single racemes. Nutlets ellipsoid.
The fresh aerial parts of the plant contain 0.38% essential oil. 62 components were identified in the oil; the major compoments were linalool (29.7%), geraniol (27.7%), geranyl acetate (13.8%), terpinene-4-ol (5.7%). Other notable components were limonene, geranial, a-bulnesene and neral. In addition to a-bulnesene, 20 other sesquiterpene compounds were also identified (Mondello et al., 2002).
Ocimum basilicum L. var. purpurescens
Cultivated in jhum (shifting cultivation) in Chittagong Hill Tracts.
Return from Ocimum basilicum L. var. purpurescens to Ethnobotany Plants profile.