Ocimum basilicum var. glabratum Benth.
Ocimum basilicum var. majus Benth.
Family: Lamiaceae - Mint family
Duration: Annual, Perennial
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Babui Tulshi.
Tribal Name: Sabrang (Chakma), Hon-wong-shawy (Marma), Bana (Tripura), Bipanak (Bawm).
English Name: Sweet Basil, Common Basil.
A scandent herb. Leaves opposite, simple, ovate-lanceolate, glandular.Flowers in racemes, white or purple. Fruits nutlets, black pitted. Frequent in foot of the hill and planted in the home garden.
Aerial parts yield about 1% essential oil containing linalool, borneol, eugenol, thymol, methylcinnamate, methyl chavicol (major constituent), ocimene, borneol, sambulene and safrole. It also contains terpinene and small amounts of cineole, sesquiterpenes, d-terpene, free monoterpenoid, phenyl proponoid components and their glycosides. New sesquiterpene hydrocarbon-1-epibicyclosesqui-phellandren also has been isolated from oil (Ghani, 2003, Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1990 & 93).
Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox's Bazar.
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