Synonyms: Ocimum canum Sims
Ocimum pilosum Willd.
Family: Lamiaceae - Mint family
Growth Habit: Undershrub
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Ban Tulsi
Tribal Name: Jer sabarang (Tanchangya), Sheprang (Khumi), Tulshi (Rakhaing), Nung, Nung Aprou (Marma).
English Name: Hoary Basil, Rosary Basil.
An erect undershrub branches pubescent. Leaves simple, elliptic-lanceolate or ovate, entire or slightly serrate, aromatic. Flowers cream-white, in verticels. Fruit a collection of nutlets.
Aerial parts yield an essential oil, which contains camphor and linalool (major constituents), citronellal, methylcinnamate, citronellic acid, eugenol, citronellol, geraniol, citral and methylheptenone. On fractionation the oil yields dipentene, terpinolene, crithmene, limonene, pinene, sabinene, camphene, caryophyllene, traces of phenol and acetic acid (Chopra et al., 1992; Ghani, 2003). Polysaccharide present in the plant contains xylose, arabinose, rhamnose, galactose, galacturonic acid and glucuronic acid detected from the plant (Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993).
Ocimum americanum L.
Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Sherpur, on road sides and fellow lands.
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