Nymphaea pubescens Willd.,
Nymphaea rubra Roxb.
Nymphaea lotus Hook.f.& Thom.
Growth Habit: Aquatic Forb/herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Sapla, Sada Sapla, Shaluk.
Tribal Name: Kra pao (Murang).
English Name: Water Lily.
A large aquatic herb; leaves 15- 30 cm broad, sagittate to cordate, sharply sinuate-toothed, floating, petiode very long. Flowers 5-15 cm across; petals linear or ovate-oblong, white, rose or red. Fruit a globose berry with persistent stamens.
Roots and rhizomes contain protein, tannic and gallic acids, starch, gum, resin, glucosides and the alkaloids, nupharine and nymphaeine. Leaves contain a flavone glucoside, myricitrin, tannic acid, phytosterin, steroids and flavonoids. Flowers contain a cardiac glycoside, nymphalin having digitalis-like action. Flowers and rhizome also yield two alkaloids, both showing sedative action in small doses (Ghani, 2003).
Burning area is covered with leaf to cool affected area. It is also used as vegetable (Murang).
Return from Nymphaea nouchali Burm.f to Ethnobotany Plants profile.