Home >> Ethnobotany Plants: Part-N >> Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L.

Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L.

Group: Dicot
Family: Oleaceae
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Tree

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Seuli, Shephalika, Singhra, Harsinghra, Shefali.

Tribal Name: Shinguri phul gaas (Chakma).

English Name: Night Jasmine, Coral Jasmine.

Description of the Plant:

A small tree. Leaves ovate, acuminate, entire. Flowers sessile.Capsule charactecious, flat.

Chemical Constituents:

Leaves contain an alkaloid principle, nyctanthine, resins, peppermint-like oil, arboriside D and other iridoid glycosides, which are mainly loganin derivatives. Leaves also contain mannitol, ß-amyrin, ß-sitosterol, hentriacontane and benzoic acid besides glycoside, free glucose and fructose. Seeds contain the iridoid glucosides arbor-tristoside A and C (Ghani, 2003). Flowers contain a new iridoid-nyctanthoside, D-manitol, crocin-1 (ß-digentiobioside ester of a-crocetin) and crocin-3 (ß-monogentiobioside ester of a-crocetin). A new glycoside naringenin-4'-O-ß-D-glucopyranosyl-a-xylopyranoside has been isolated from stem along with ß-sitosterol. Two flavonol glycosides-astragalin and nicotiflorinhave been also detected from the leaves (Rastogi and Mehrotra, 1993).

Mode of Uses:

A stem extract is taken for the treatment of dysentery (Chakma).

Leaves are used in bilious fever and rheumatism. Juice prepared from leaves is given to children for the expulsion of round and thread-worms; with honey the juice is given in chronic fever. Decoction of the leaves is given for sciatica. Bark of the plant is usedto treat bronchitis. Powdered seeds are used as an application for scurfy affections of the scalp. The Chakma take stem extract against dysentery.

Distribution:

Planted throughout Bangladesh as an ornamental plant.

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