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Mussaenda glabrata Hutch.

Synonyms: Mussaenda frondosa var. glabrata Hook. f.

Group: Dicot
Family: Rubiaceae - Madder family
Duration: Perennial
Growth Habit: Shrub

Bangla/Vernacular Name: Nagabali, Sadapata, Patralekha.

Tribal Name: Atehe (Khumi), Si Jhathru (Marma), Rani Tak (Chakma).

Description of the Plant:

A rambling shrub. Leaves shortly petioled, broadly elliptic, shortly acuminate. Flowers in terminal cymes; calyx linear-subulate, one of the calyx teeth enlarged into a large, petioled, white, persistent, leaf-like flag; corolla deep yellow. Berries globose, glabrous.

Chemical Constituents:

Root contains a bitter principle, saponin glucoside, resin, sugar and mucilage and colouring matter. Quercetin, rutin, hyperin, ß-sitosterol glucoside and ferulic and sinapic acids have been isolated from the sepals (Ghani, 2003).

Mussaenda glabrata Hutch.

Mussaenda glabrata Hutch.

Mode of Uses:

Planted in home garden as ornamental (Khumi).

The flowers are given in asthma, interrmittent fevers and dropsy; externally they are applied as a detergent to ulcers. White flags (white modified sepal) along with milk are given in jaundice. The roots are given with cow's urine in white leprosy.

Distribution:

Forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Cox’s Bazar and North Bengal.

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