Musa ornata Roxb. var. normalis Kuntze
Musa sapientum L.
Musa dacca Horan.
Musa paradisiaca var. dacca (Horan.) Baker ex K. Schum.
Musa paradisiaca subsp. sapientum (L.) Kuntze
Family: Musaceae - Banana family
Growth Habit: Forb/herb
Bangla/Vernacular Name: Kola, Aittakola, Bichikola, Kach Kola.
Tribal Name: Banla hel (Bawm), Anazi kola (Chakma), Nwpupi (Marma), Deng-li(Murang), Kela (Rakhaing).
English Name: Seeded Banana, Plantain, Banana.
A tree-like herb; psudostem 2.5-3.75 m high. Leaves oblong.Inflorescence long; bracts ovate, more or less pruinose, falling before the fruit matures.Fruit oblong, trigonous, tapering to the base and apex, full of seeds, yellowish when ripe.
Banana contains two physiologically important compounds, serotonin and nor-epinephrine, in addition to dopamine and a catecholamine, which are responsible for the therapeutic uses of banana in coeliac disease, constipation and peptic ulcer. Banana ovaries contain tryptophan and indole compounds. Growing parts of the plant contain much tannin and gallic acid. Green fruits contain a large amount of tannin, starch and iron.
Ripe fruits contain large quantities of crystallisable and non-crystallisable sugars and vitamin C. Fruits also contain B-vitamins, starch, albuminoids, fats and mineral salts. Tender roots contain much tannin. Two 3-oxo-28-norcycloartane type triterpenes, 4-epicycloeucalenone and 4-epicylomusalenone and two known 3-oxo-29-norcycloartanes, cycloeucalenone and cyclomusalenonoe have been isolated from the fruit peel (Ghani, 2003).
Musa paradisiaca L.
Cultivated throughout Bangladesh.
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